French Third Republic

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French Republic
République française



Banner Emblem
"Liberté, égalité, fraternité" (French)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
"La Marseillaise"
Fraunce in 1939
  •   Fraunce
  •   French pertectorates
Fraunce in September 1939
Dark blue: Metropolitan territory o the Republic
Licht blue: Colonies, mandates, an pertectorates o Fraunce
Caipital Paris
Leids French
Releegion Catholicism, disestablished 1905
Government Pairlamentary republic
 -  1871–1873 Adolphe Thiers (first)
 -  1932–1940 Albert Lebrun (last)
Preses o the Cooncil o Meenisters
 -  1870–1871 Louis Jules Trochu
 -  1940 Philippe Pétain
Legislatur Pairlament
 -  Upper hoose Senate
 -  Lawer hoose Chamber o Deputies
 -  Proclamation bi Leon Gambetta 4 September 1870
 -  Vichy Fraunce established 10 Julie 1940
 -  est. 35,565,800 
Siller French Franc
The day pairt o  Fraunce

The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) is the term uised tae denote the seestem o govrenment adoptit in Fraunce frae 1870, when the Seicont French Empire collapsed, till 1940, when France's defeat bi Nazi Germany in Warld War II led tae the formation o the so-cried Vichy govrenment in Fraunce. It came tae an end on 10 Julie 1940, when the Naitional Assembly o the Third Republic unner its last Preses Albert Lebrun delegatit aw constitutional pouers[1][2] tae Marshal Philippe Pétain o the rump French State in the Zone libre ("Free Zone") in the sooth o Fraunce.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lebrun, Albert (July 10, 1940). "Loi constitutionnelle du 10 juillet 1940" [Constitutional law of 10 July 1940]. (in French). Vichy. The National Assembly gives all powers of the government of the Republic, under the authority and signature of Marshall Pétain to create and promulgate by one ore more acts a new constitution of the French State.
    L'Assemblée nationale donne tout pouvoir au gouvernement de la République, sous l'autorité et la signature du maréchal Pétain, à l'effet de promulguer par un ou plusieurs actes une nouvelle constitution de l'État français.
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  2. "Constitutional act no. 2, defining the authority of the chief of the French state" (in Inglis). Journal Officiel de la République française. July 11, 1940. 

Coordinates: 48°49′N 2°29′E / 48.817°N 2.483°E / 48.817; 2.483