Franz Liszt (born Franz Joseph Liszt) (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁants ˈlɪst]; Hungarian: Liszt Ferencz, in modren uisage Liszt Ferenc, pronounced [ˈlist ˈfɛrɛnt͡s];[n 1] October 22, 1811 – Julie 31, 1886) wis a proleefic 19t-century Hungarian componer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, muisic teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, naitionalist an a Franciscan tertiary.
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- Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his gien name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform o the Hungarian leid in 1922 (which wis 36 years efter Liszt's death) chynged the letter "cz" to simply "c" in aw wirds except surnames; this has led tae Liszt's gien name bein rendered in modren Hungarian uisage as "Ferenc". Frae 1859 tae 1867 he wis offeecially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he wis creatit a Ritter (knicht) bi Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never uised this teetle o nobility in public. The teetle wis necessary tae mairy the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein withoot her losin her privileges, but efter the mairiage fell throu, Liszt transferred the teetle tae his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son wis Franz von Liszt.