Fowk's Pairty (Spain)

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People's Party
Partido Popular
Abbreviation PP
Preses Mariano Rajoy
Secretar-General María Dolores de Cospedal
Spokesperson Rafael Hernando
Foonder Manuel Fraga Iribarne
Honorary Preses José María Aznar
Foondit 20 Januar 1989
Merger o AP, DC, PL
Precedit bi Fowk's Alliance
Heidquarters C/ Génova, 13
28004 Madrid, Spain
Youth wing New Generations
Membership  (2013) 865,761[1]
Ideology Conservatism[2][3][2]
Liberal conservatism[4]
Christian democracy[3][2][5]
Economic liberalism[3]

Spainyie unionism[6]
Poleetical poseetion Centre-richt[7][8][9][10] tae
Richt-weeng[11][12][13][14]
Internaitional affiliation Internaitional Democrat Union,
Centrist Democrat Internaitional
European affiliation European Fowk's Pairty
European Pairlament group European Fowk's Pairty
Colours      Sky blue
Congress o Deputies
123 / 350
Senate
121 / 261
European Pairlament
16 / 54
Local Govrenment (2015)
22,750 / 67,611
Regional Pairlaments
338 / 1,268
Regional Govrenment
7 / 19
Website
www.pp.es

The Fowk's Pairty (Spaingie: Partido Popular [parˈtiðo popuˈlar] ( listen); kent maistly bi its acronym, PP [peˈpe]) is a conservative[2][15] an Christian democratic[5][16] poleetical pairty in Spain.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gómez, Carolina (17 Julie 2013). "El censo del PP frena su crecimiento coincidiendo con el 'caso Bárcenas'". Cadena Ser. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010), Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared, Ashgate, p. 159, ISBN 978-0-7546-7840-3, From its original emphasis on a 'united and Catholic Spain', in the 1980s and 1990s it gradually evolved under the leadership of José Maria Aznar into a pragmatically-oriented conservative formation, with Christian democratic and, even more strongly, economically liberal elements. 
  4. Annesley, Claire (2005), A Political And Economic Dictionary Of Western Europe, Routledge, p. 260 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Magone, José María (2003). The Politics of Southern Europe: Integration Into the European Union. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-275-97787-0. 
  6. Balibrea Enríquez, Mari Paz (2007). Tiempo de exilio: Una mirada crítica a la modernidad española desde el pensamiento republicano en el exilio (in Spanish). Montesinos. p. 40. ISBN 9788496831469. 
  7. Jansen, Thomas; Van Hecke, Steven (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 53. ISBN 9783642194146. The right-wing Conservative AP was now transformed into a party of the centre-right: it was renamed People's Party (Partido Popular, PP) in the spring of 1989. 
  8. Newton, Michael T. (1997). Institutions of Modern Spain: A Political and Economic Guide. Cambridge University Press. p. 200. ISBN 9780521575089. Since the 're-launch' of 1989, the party has established itself clearly as a party of the centre-right... 
  9. Meyer Resende, Madalena (2014). Catholicism and Nationalism: Changing Nature of Party Politics. Routledge. p. xix. ISBN 9781317610618. In 1989 the AP transformed into the Partido Popular (PP) – a coalition of center-right forces... 
  10. Matuschek, Peter (2004). "Who Learns from Whom: The Failure of Spanish Christian Democracy and the Success of the Partido Popular". In Steven Van Hecke, Emmanuel Gerard. Christian Democratic Parties in Europe Since the End of the Cold War. Leuven University Press. p. 243. ISBN 9789058673770. 
  11. Ferreiro, Jesus; Serrano, Felipe (2001). Philip Arestis; Malcolm C. Sawyer, eds. The economic policy of the Spanish Socialist governments: 1982–1996. The Economics of the Third Way: Experiences from Around the World. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 155. ISBN 1843762838. Retrieved 2015-01-30. 
  12. Encarnación, Omar G. (2008). Spanish Politics: Democracy After Dictatorship. Polity. pp. 61–64. ISBN 0745639925. Retrieved 2015-01-30. 
  13. Íñigo-Mora, Isabel (2010). Cornelia Ilie, ed. Rhetorical strategies in the British and Spanish parliaments. European Parliaments Under Scrutiny: Discourse Strategies and Interaction Practices. John Benjamins Publishing. p. 332. ISBN 9027206295. Retrieved 2015-01-30. 
  14. DiGiacomo, Susan M. (2008). Sharon R. Roseman; Shawn S. Parkhurst, eds. Re-presenting the Fascist Classroom: Education as a Space of Memory in Contemporary Spain. Recasting Culture and Space in Iberian Contexts. SUNY Press. p. 121. ISBN 0791479013. Retrieved 2015-01-30. 
  15. Ersson, Svante; Lane, Jan-Erik (1998). Politics and Society in Western Europe (4th ed.). SAGE. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-7619-5862-8. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  16. Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Ashgate. p. 136.