Fowk's Liberation Airmy Rocket Force
|Fowk's Liberation Airmy Rocket Force|
People's Liberation Army Rocket Force
Emblem o Fowk's Liberation Airmy Rocket Force
Emblem of People's Liberation Army Rocket Force
|Active||1966–2015 (Second Artillery Corps)|
2016–present (Rocket Force)
|Kintra||People's Republic of China|
|Allegiance||Communist Pairty o Cheenae|
|Teep||Tactical and strategic missile force|
|Role||Strategic deterrence, second strike|
|Pairt o||People's Liberation Army|
|Headquarters||Qinghe, Haidian District, Beijing, China|
|Colours||Red, gold, dark green|
|Mairch||"March of the Rocket Force" (《火箭军进行曲》)|
|Equipment||Ballistic missiles, cruise missiles|
|Engagements||Third Taiwan Strait Crisis|
|Commander||Lt. General Zhou Yaning|
|Political Commissar||General Wang Jiasheng|
The People's Liberation Army Rocket Force, formerly the Second Artillery Corps (SAC) , is the strategic and tactical missile forces of the People's Republic of China. The PLARF is a component part of the People's Liberation Army and controls the nation's arsenal of land-based ballistic missiles - both (thermo)nuclear and conventional. The military arm was established on 1 July 1966 and made its first public appearance on 1 October 1984. The headquarters for operations is located at Qinghe, Beijing. The PLARF is under the direct command of the Chinese Central Military Commission.
In total, China is estimated to be in possession of 260 nuclear warheads, with an unknown number of them active and ready to deploy. However, as of 2013, United States Intelligence estimates the Chinese active ICBM arsenal to range between 50 and 75 land and sea based missiles. The PLARF comprises approximately 100,000 personnel and six ballistic missile brigades. The six brigades are independently deployed in different military regions throughout the country. Presently, It has 1,833 ballistic missiles and 350 cruise missiles in its arsenal.
The name was changed to the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Rocket Force on 1 January 2016. Several reports have suggested that the PLARF may control the whole triad of China's nuclear missiles, including sea-based ballistic missiles.
China has the largest land-based missile arsenal in the world. According to Pentagon estimates, this includes 1,200 conventionally armed short-range ballistic missiles, two hundred to three hundred conventional medium-range ballistic missiles and an unknown number of conventional intermediate-range ballistic missiles, as well as two to three hundred ground-launched cruise missiles. Many of these are extremely accurate, which would allow them to destroy targets even without nuclear warheads.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "The PLA Oath" (PDF).
I am a member of the People's Liberation Army. I promise that I will follow the leadership of the Communist Party of China...
- "Federation of American Scientists: Status of World Nuclear Forces". Fas.org. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-26.
- 2013 China report, defense.gov
- China's nuclear policy, strategy consistent: spokesperson, news.xinhuanet.com
- Fisher, Richard D., Jr. (6 January 2016). "China establishes new Rocket Force, Strategic Support Force". Jane's Defence Weekly. Surrey, UK: Jane's Information Group. 53 (9). ISSN 0265-3818.
This report also quotes Chinese expert Song Zhongping saying that the Rocket Force could incorporate 'PLA sea-based missile unit[s] and air-based missile unit[s]'.