Fine Gael

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Fine Gael
LeaderLeo Varadkar TD
FoonderEoin O'Duffy
Deputy LeaderSimon Coveney TD
ChairmanMartin Heydon TD
Seanad LeaderSenator Jerry Buttimer
PresesLeo Varadkar
SloganBuilding a Republic of Opportunity
Taking Ireland Forward Together
Foondit8 September 1933 (1933-09-08)
Merger o
Heidquarters51 Upper Moont Street,
Dublin 2, D02 W924, Ireland
Youth weengYoung Fine Gael
LGBT+ weengFine Gael LGBT
Membership  (2017)Increase 21,000[1]
Poleetical poseetionCentre[9] tae centre-right[7][10][11]
Internaitional affiliationCentrist Democrat Internaitional
European affiliationEuropean Fowk's Pairty
European Pairlament groupEuropean Fowk's Pairty
Colours     Blue
Dáil Éireann
35 / 160
Seanad Éireann
20 / 60
European Pairliament
5 / 13
Local govrenment
255 / 949

Fine Gael (/ˌfnə ˈɡl/ FEE-nə GAYL;[12] Scots: Faimily or Tribe o the Erse; inglis: Family or Tribe of the Irish) is a leeberal-conservative[2][3] poleetical pairty in Ireland. Fine Gael is currently the governing and lairgest pairty in Ireland in terms o members of the Oireachtas and Erse members o European Pairliament.[13] The pairty haes a membership of 21,000[14] and is the senior pairtner governing in a minority coalition with seiveral independent politeecians, wi pairty leader Leo Varadkar serving as Taoiseach. Varadkar succeedit Enda Kenny as pairty leader on 2 Juin 2017 an as Taoiseach on 14 Juin; Kenny haed been leader since 2002, and Taoiseach since 2011.[15][16][17][18]

Fine Gael wis foondit on 8 September 1933[19] follaein the merger o its parent pairty Cumann na nGaedheal, the Naitional Centre Pairty and the Naitional Gaird (popularly kent as the "Blueshirts"). Its oreegins lie in the struggle for Erse unthirldom and the pro-Treaty side in the Erse Ceevil War and Michael Collins, in pairticular, is often identified as the foonder of the muivement.[20]

Fine Gael is generally conseederit tae be mair of a proponent of market leeberalism than its tradeeitional rival, Fianna Fáil.[21] Houaniver, apairt frae brief minority governments (as in 1987), Fine Gael haes rarely governit Ireland without a coaleetion that awso includit the Labour Pairty, a social-democratic, centre-left pairty. Fine Gael describes itsel as a "pairty of the progressive centre" which it defines as acting "in a wey that is richt for Ireland, regardless o dogma or ideology". It leets its core values as "equality o opportunity, free enterprise and reward, security, integrity an hope."[22][23] It is strangly in favour of the European Union and opposit tae pheesical force Erse republicanism. The pairty's youth weeng, Young Fine Gael, wis formed in 1977, and haes approximately fower thousand members.[24] Fine Gael is a foondin member of the European Fowk's Pairty.

Notes an references[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. [1].
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kerstin Hamann; John Kelly (2010). Parties, Elections, and Policy Reforms in Western Europe: Voting for Social Pacts. Routledge. p. 1980. ISBN 978-1-136-94986-9.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cesáreo R. Aguilera de Prat; Jed Rosenstein (2009). Political Parties and European Integration. Peter Lang. p. 64. ISBN 978-90-5201-535-4.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Ireland". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  5. T. Banchoff (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  6. Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-313-39181-1.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Richard Dunphy (2015). "Ireland". In Donatella M. Viola (ed.). Routledge Handbook of European Elections. Routledge. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-317-50363-7.
  8. "'United Ireland' hot topic on FG campaign trail". 24 May 2017.
  9. "Final Irish election results leave nation in political limbo". Business Insider. Associated Press. 3 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  10. Nicholas Rees; Brid Quinn; Bernadette Connaughton (2010). "Ireland and the European Union". In Nicholas Rees; Brid Quinn; Bernadette Connaughton (eds.). Europeanisation and New Patterns of Governance in Ireland. Manchester University Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-84779-336-2.
  11. Kate Nicholls (2015). Mediating Policy: Greece, Ireland, and Portugal Before the Eurozone Crisis. Routledge. p. 80. ISBN 978-1-317-64273-2.
  12. "Fine Gael: definition of Fine Gael in Oxford dictionary (British & World English). Meaning, pronunciation and origin of the word". Oxford Language Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  13. Angus Reid Global Monitor Archived 4 Mey 2009[Date mismatch] at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 10 May 2009.
  14. [2].
  15. "Enda Kenny elected Fine Gael leader". RTÉ News. 5 June 2002. Archived frae the oreeginal on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  16. "Enda Kenny to retire as Fine Gael Leader at Midnight". RTÉ News. 16 May 2017. Archived frae the oreeginal on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  17. "Varadkar 'delighted and humbled' by election result". RTÉ.ie. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  18. "Kenny's farewell: 'This has never been about me'". RTÉ News. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  19. "History of Fine Gael". Archived frae the oreeginal on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
  20. "Legacy of the Easter Rising". The Irish Times. Archived frae the oreeginal on 5 January 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  21. "Ireland's politics on the brink of a seismic shift". Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  22. Gael, Fine. "Our Values". Fine Gael. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  23. "FG Values". David Stanton website. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 February 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
  24. "Election 2007 – Youth parties". RTÉ News. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 May 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2007.

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Nealon's Guide to the 29th Dáil and Seanad (Gill and Macmillan, 2002) (ISBN 0-7171-3288-9)
  • Stephen Collins, "The Cosgrave Legacy" (Blackwater, 1996) (ISBN 0-86121-658-X)
  • Garret FitzGerald, "Garret FitzGerald: An Autobiography" (Gill and Macmillan, 1991) (ISBN 0-7171-1600-X)
  • Jack Jones, In Your Opinion: Political and Social Trends in Ireland through the Eyes of the Electorate (Townhouse, 2001) (ISBN 1-86059-149-3)
  • Maurice Manning, James Dillon: A Biography (Wolfhound, 1999/2000) (ISBN 0-86327-823-X)
  • Stephen O'Byrnes, Hiding Behind a Face: Fine Gael under FitzGerald (Gill and Macmillan: 1986) (ISBN 0-7171-1448-1)
  • Raymond Smith, Garret: The Enigma (Aherlow, 1985) (no ISBN)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]