Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Iranian Fajr-5 Rocket by tasnimnews.jpg
Fajr-5C GPS guidit surface-tae-surface missile
TeepRocket artillery
Place o oreeginIran
Service history
Uised biSee Operators
Wars2006 Lebanon War
Gaza–Israel conflict
Sirian Ceevil War
Production history
Wecht1,500 kg (Seestem)
90 kg (HE Content)
175 kg (Warheid)
915 kg (Rocket)[1]
Lenth10.45 m (Launcher)
6.485 m (Rocket)[1]
Weenth2.54 m (Launcher)[1]
Hicht3.34 m (Launcher)[1]

Calibre333 mm
Elevation0 to 57 degrees[1]
Traverse45 degrees left and right[1]
Rate o fire4–8 seconds[1]
Effective firin range68–75 km

Speed1009 m/s

The Fajr-5 (Persie: فجر-۵‎, "Dawn") is an Iranian 333 mm artillery rocket MLRS developit in the 1990s with a range of 75 kilometers (50 mi).[2] Maist Fajr-5 rockets are unguidit; in 2017 Iran introduced a variant, the Fajr-5C, which adds GPS guidance.

Design[eedit | eedit soorce]

MLRS[eedit | eedit soorce]

The latest production of the Fajr-5 is installed on a new 6×6 forward control chassis[3] and the platfurm is now integratit intae a complete wappen seestem rather than an individual launcher. Tae provide a mair stable firing platform four hydraulically operatit stabilizers are lowered tae the grund before firing. The new chassis haes impruived cross-kintra mobility and the forward control fully enclosit cab provides space for the driver and twa passengers. Another fully enclosed cabin tae the immediate rear of the cab hooses the remainder of the crew.

In Mey 2006, Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization developit an upgradit version of the Fajr-5 with an impruived chassis. AIO says that a radar can be added tae give the seestem the capability tae track and engage naval targets.[4]

The primary role of this artillery rocket seestem is the engagement of laund targets. The Fajr-5 is normally fired frae a truck launcher, but it can be fired individually.[5]

Fajr-5 MRLS can be networked together.[6]

Rocket[eedit | eedit soorce]

Iran produces a twa-stage Fajr-5 with a length of 9 m and range of 190 km. This variant is launched frae TELs similar tae Zelzal rockets, which anely haeve the capaceety for a single racket.

Fajr-5 rockets can likely carry submunitions or chemical wappens.[7]

In February 2017, Iran revealit a guidit version of the Fajr-5, similar tae the Cheenese SY300. It haes a firing accuracy of 250 m when uising INS and 50 m uising GNSS, with range frae 40–130 km (25–81 mi).[8]

Histerie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first Fajr-5 were creautit when Cheenae exportit WS-1 MLRS tae Iran in the late 1980s/early 1990s.[9] Thay were then subsequently creautit and produced by Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization.

Operational histerie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Iran supplied a nummer of Fajr-5s tae Hezbollah in Lebanon beginning in 2002.[10][11] Sources disagree on whether Hezbollah uised Fajr-5 rockets in the 2006 Lebanon War,[12] in pairt because at the time thay were confused with similar Khaibar-1 rockets.

In November 2012 during Operation Pillar of Defense, Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad fired Fajr-5 rockets towards Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. Ane hit an apairtment block in Rishon LeZion. The commander of the Iranian Gaird said that Iran did nae supply Gaza with a Fajr-5 missile but transferrit the technology tae manufacture it tae the Palestinians.[13]

On Mey 10th 2018, the IRGC's Quds Force fired 20 rockets intae the Israeli-occupied Golan Hichts frae Sirian territory. Some of these were Fajr-5s.[14]

Operators[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map with Fajr-5 operators in blue with umwhile operators in red

Current operators[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Fajr-3 & Fajr-5 brochure. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
  2. UPI (Nov 3, 2009). "'Gaza rockets can now hit Tel Aviv'". www.spacewar.com.
  3. "Fadjr-5". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2008-05-10.
  4. Foss, Christopher F (8 May 2006). "Fadjr-5 artillery rocket system gets new chassis". Jane's Information Group. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-30.
  5. Anthony H. Cordesman, Martin Kleiber. Iran's Military Forces and Warfighting Capabilities (2007) ISBN 978-0-89206-501-1 p.60-61
  6. Wright, Author: Galen (20 May 2011). "The Arkenstone - ارکنستون: Fajr Rocket (MLRS) Artillery".
  7. Wright, Author: Galen (20 May 2011). "The Arkenstone - ارکنستون: Fajr Rocket (MLRS) Artillery".
  8. Administrator. "Iran unveils new Fajr 5 300mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System using guided rockets 10702171 - February 2017 Global Defense Security army news industry - Defense Security global news industry army 2017 - Archive News year". armyrecognition.com.
  9. "Vital Perspective". Vital Perspective.
  10. Devenny, Patrick (1 January 2006). "Hezbollah's Strategic Threat to Israel". Middle East Quarterly.
  11. Gordon, Michael (September 27, 2002) "Militants Are Said to Amass Missiles in South Lebanon," The New York Times.
  12. Lambeth, B. S. (2011). Air operations in Israel's war against Hezbollah: Learning from Lebanon and getting it right in Gaza. Santa Monica, CA, United States: RAND. ISBN 978-0-8330-5146-2
  13. "Iran transferred Fajr-5 missile technology to Gaza: IRGC chief". 21 November 2012. Archived frae the oreeginal on 27 November 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. Spyer, Jonathan. "Israel's Secret War Against Iran Is Widening".
  15. Black, Ian (16 November 2012). "Fajr-5 missile gives Palestinians rare if short-lived advantage". the Guardian.
  16. http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Missiles-And-Rockets-2004/Iran-supplies-improved-rockets-to-Syria-and-Hizbullah.html[deid airtin]

Freemit Airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]