A Fajr-3 in 2018.
|Place o oreegin||Iran|
|Wars||2006 Lebanon War|
|Manufacturer||Shahid Bagheri Industrial Group|
|Produced||November 6, 1996|
15,000 kg (Seestem)|
45 kg (HE Content)
90 kg (Warheid)
407 kg (Rocket)
10.45 m (Launcher) |
5,200 mm (Rocket)
|Weenth||2.54 m (Launcher)|
|Hicht||3.34 m (Launcher)|
|Elevation||0 to 57 degrees|
|Traverse||90 degrees left/100 degrees right|
|Rate o fire||
12 rounds in 48 seconds (est)
|Maximum firin range||43 km|
|Ingine||280 hp, V-8 liquid-cooled, diesel engine|
60 km/h (road)|
25 km/h (off-road)
The Fajr-3 (rarely Fadjr-3) (Persie: فجر-۳) is an Iranian heivy 240 mm intermediate-range multiple-launch artillery rocket (MLRS). The Fajr-3 is a license-built copy, with slight modifications, of a North Korean MLRS called the M-1985. The Fajr-3 wis introduced in the 1990s and haes since been exportit tae Sirie, Hamas and Hezbollah.
The Fajr-3 launcher fires twelve 5.2 meter long, 240 millimeter-calibre Fajr-3 artillery rockets, with an estimatit range of 43 kilometres, weighing 407 kilograms each and carrying 45-kilogram HE warheids. Fajr means 'dawn' in Arabic.
Histerie[eedit | eedit soorce]
During the Iran–Iraq War, around a dozen North Korean M-1985 MLRS seestems were exportit tae Iran. The North Korean M-1985 wis derivit frae Soviet Katyushas, and so the Fajr-3 is sometimes considerit a Katyusha too. With Cheenese an North Korean assistance, Iran's state-run Shahid Bagheri Industries started tae domestically develop the seestem in Mairch 1990 under license. Analysts in Abu Dhabi learnit about the development less than a month later and describit it as "ane of the maist important new wappens" unner development in Iran. The development programme for the Fajr-3 might haeve been run in conjunction with the development of the Oghab.
The first Fajr-3s were produced either in 1990 or on November 6, 1996, (sources differ) and the seestem entered service that year. Early versions of the Fajr-3 apparently haed reduced range and it wis nae until December 1998 that Iran testit a rocket with the full 43 km range. Fajr-3 rockets are known tae haeve still been in production in 2006.
Description[eedit | eedit soorce]
The Fajr-3 launcher haes twelve tubes in two groups of six. The seestem wis first installed on a Mercedes-Benz 2624 series chassis, haes since been seen with Japanese Isuzu chassis, and is currently uised on Mercedes-Benz 2631 chassis. Apairt frae the chassis differences, which are trivial, there are nae Fajr-3 variants. The launcher is unarmourot, weighs 15 metric tons, and haes nae fire-control seestem. The rocket is solit fueled and haes a fragmentation heich explosive warheid. A complete Fajr-3 seestem is manned by a crew of five and awso includes ane dedicatit resupply vehicle with a crane. A reload is estimatit tae take 12-15 minutes.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group. Archived 2008-06-27 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
- Fajr-3 & Fajr-5 brochure. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
- "Worldwide Equipment Guide 2015: Ground Systems" (PDF). 2015. p. 412–413.
- Johnson, David E., Hard Fighting: Israel in Lebanon and Gaza. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2011. p. 51. https://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG1085.html. Also available in print form.
- Iran's Ballistic Missile Capabilities: A Net Assessment. The International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2010.
- Iran Profile: Missile Capabilities—Long-Range Artillery Rocket Programs at NTI
- Christopher Harmer (August 16, 2012). "Threat and Response: Israeli Missile Defense" (PDF). Institute for the Study of War.
- "Military Briefing on Hezbollah's Missile Capabilities: Examining the Fajr, Zelzal". Vital Perspective. 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-02.
In the late 1980s, the North Korean-produced 240 mm M-1985 multiple rocket launcher (MRL) wis exportit tae Iran and subsequently produced unner license (with minor changes) by Shahid Bagheri Industries as the Fajr-3 (a.k.a., Fadjr-3).
- FADJR-3. Archived 2008-05-10 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on May 12, 2008
- "JPRS Report, Arms Control". 3 May 1990.
- Missile Chronology, 1996. Archived 2010-03-08 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
- Anthony H. Cordesman, with assistance from G. Ryan Faith (April 2003) The Military Balance in the Middle East: An Analytic Overview: Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, Major Arms by Country and Zone, and Qualitative Trends
- Major Brian H. Cunningham (2009). "Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps: Instability in the Middle East" (PDF).
- "Fadjr-3 Fajr-3 RAAD 240mm multiple rocket launcher seestem technical data sheet specifications". www.armyrecognition.com.