Ethanol

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Ethanol
Full structural formula of ethanol
Skeletal formula o ethanol
Ball-an-stick model o ethanol
Space-fillin model o ethanol
Names
Seestematic IUPAC name
Ethanol[1]
Ither names
  • Absolute alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Drinkin alcohol
  • Ethyl alcohol
  • Ethyl hydrate
  • Ethyl hydroxide
  • Ethylic alcohol
  • Ethylol
  • Grain alcohol
  • Hydroxyethane
  • Methylcarbinol
Identifiers
Jmol-3D images Image
3DMet {{{value}}}
Beilstein Reference 1718733
ChEBI CHEBI:16236 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL545 YesY
ChemSpider 682 YesY
DrugBank DB00898 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.526
EC Nummer 200-578-6
E nummer E1510 (addeetional chemicals)
Gmelin Reference 787
KEGG D00068 YesY
MeSH Ethanol
RTECS nummer KQ6300000
UNII 3K9958V90M YesY
UN nummer 1170
Properties
C2H6O
Molar mass 46.07 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.789 g/cm3 (at 20°C)
Meltin pynt −114 °C (−173 °F; 159 K)
Bylin pynt 78.37 °C (173.07 °F; 351.52 K)
log P -0.18
Vapour pressur 5.95 kPa (at 20 °C)
Acidity (pKa) 15.9[2]
Basicity (pKb) -1.9
Refractive index (nD) 1.361
Viscosity 0.0012 Pa s (at 20 °C), 0.001074 Pa s (at 25 °C)[3]
Dipole moment 1.69 D[4]
Pharmacology
Routes o
admeenistration
Intramuscular

Intravenous
Oral
Topical

Pharmacokinetics:
Hepatic
Hazards
EU clessification Flammable F
R-phrases R11
S-phrases (S2), S7, S16
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids an solids that can be ignited unner awmaist ae ambient temperature condeetions. Flash pynt atween 23 an 38 °C (73 an 100 °F). E.g., gasoline) Health code 2: Intense or continued but nae chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash pynt 13–14 °C
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
5628 mg kg−1 (oral, rat)
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Ethanol /ˈɛθɑːnɒl/, an aa criedd ethyl alcohol /ˈɛθɪl/, pure alcohol, grain alcohol, or drinkin alcohol, is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid wi the structural formula CH3CH2OH, often abbreviated as C2H6O. A psychoactive drug an ane o the auldest recreational drugs kent, ethanol produces a state kent as alcohol intoxication when consumed as a beverage. Baist kent as the type o alcohol foond in alcoholic beverages, it is an aa uised in thermometers, as a solvent, an as a fuel. In common uisage, it is eften referred tae simply as alcohol or spirits.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Ethanol – Compound Summary". The PubChem Project. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 
  2. Ballinger, P.; Long, F. A. (1960). "Acid Ionization Constants of Alcohols. II. Acidities of Some Substituted Methanols and Related Compounds1,2". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 82 (4): 795. doi:10.1021/ja01489a008. 
  3. Lide, David R., ed. (2012). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92 ed.). Boca Raton, FL.: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis. pp. 6–232. 
  4. Lide, David R., ed. (2008). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (89 ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press. pp. 9–55. 
  5. "Fuels and Chemicals – Autoignition Temperatures". engineeringtoolbox.com. 

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