Epinephrine

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Epinephrine
Skeletal formula o adrenaline
Baw-an-stick model o the adrenaline molecule
Clinical data
Tred names EpiPen
AHFS/Drugs.com monograph
MedlinePlus a603002
Leecence data
Pregnancy
category
  • US: C (Risk nae ruled oot)
Addiction
liability
None
Routes o
admeenistration
IV, IM, endotracheal, IC, nasal, ee drop
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • AU: S4 (Prescription anly)
  • UK: POM (Prescription anly)
  • US: Prescription only/OTC
Pharmacokinetic data
Metabolism adrenergic synapse (MAO an COMT)
Onset o action Rapid[1]
Biological hauf-life 2 minutes
Duration o action Few minutes[2]
Excretion Urine
Identifiers
CAS Nummer
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
PDB ligand
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.090
Chemical and physical data
Formula C9H13NO3
Molar mass 183.204 g/mol
3D model (Jmol)
  (verify)

Epinephrine, an aa kent as adrenaline, is a medication, hormone an neurotransmitter.[3][4] As a medication it is uised for a nummer o condeetions includin: anaphylaxis, cardiac arrest, an superficial bleedin.[1] Inhaled epinephrine mey be uised tae improve the seemptoms o croup.[5] It mey an aa be uised for asthma when ither treatments are nae effective. It is gien intravenously, bi injection intae a muscle, bi inhalation, or bi injection juist unner the skin.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Epinephrine". The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Retrieved Aug 15, 2015. 
  2. Nancy caroline's emergency care in the streets (7 ed.). [S.l.]: Jones And Bartlett Learning. 2012. p. 557. ISBN 9781449645861. 
  3. Chansky, Michael Lieberman, Allan Marks, Alisa Peet ; illustrations by Matthew (2013). Marks' basic medical biochemistry : a clinical approach (4 ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 175. ISBN 9781608315727. 
  4. "(-)-adrenaline". Guide to Pharmacology. IUPS/BPS. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  5. Everard ML (February 2009). "Acute bronchiolitis and croup". Pediatr. Clin. North Am. 56 (1): 119–33, x–xi. doi:10.1016/j.pcl.2008.10.007. PMID 19135584.