Egyptian Airmed Forces

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Egyptian Airmed Forces
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
Coat o airms o Egyp
Foondit1820
Current furm1952
Service branchesFlag of the Army of Egypt.svg Egyptian Airmy
Flag of the Egyptian Navy.svg Egyptian Navy
Air Force Ensign of Egypt.svg Egyptian Air Force
Flag of the Egyptian Air Defense Forces.svg Egyptian Air Defence Forces
HeidquartersCairo
Leadership
Supreme CommanderAbdel Fattah el-Sisi
Minister o Defence & Commander-in-ChiefMohamed Ahmed Zaki
Chief o StaffMohammed Farid Hegazy [ar]
Manpower
Militar age18–49
Conscription1–3 years dependin on ceercumstances
Active personnel438,500, incl. 290,000–320,000 conscripts[1]
Reserve personnel479,000[2]
Expenditures
BudgetUS$ 7.4 to 11.1 billion (2019), incl. US$1.3 billion o U.S militar aid annually[3]
Percent o GDP2-3% (2019)[3]
Industry
Domestic suppliersArab Organisation for Industrialisation
Foreign suppliers Unitit States
 Roushie
 Fraunce
 Cheenae
 Italy
 Unitit Kinrick
Umwhile:
 Soviet Union
Relatit airticles
HistorySeicont Warld War

1948 Arab–Israeli War
Egyptian Revolution o 1952
Tripartite Aggression
North Yemeni Ceevil War
Sax-Day War
Nigerie Ceevil War
War o Attreetion
October War
Shaba I
Libie–Egyptian War
Gulf War
War on Terror
Egyptian revolution o 2011

2013 Egyptian coup d'état
RanksAirmy ranks
Air Force ranks
Navy ranks

The Egyptian Airmed Forces are the state militar organisation responsible for the defence o Egyp. Thay consist o the Egyptian Airmy, Egyptian Navy, Egyptian Air Force an Egyptian Air Defence Forces.[4]

In addeetion, Egyp maintains 397,000 paramilitar truips.[2] The Central Security Forces comes unner the control o the Meenistry o Interior. The Border Gaird Forces falls unner the control o the Meenistry o Defence.

The modren Egyptian airmed forces haeve been involved in numerous creeses an wars syne unthirldom, frae the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Egyptian Revolution o 1952, Suez Creesis, North Yemen Ceevil War, Sax-Day War, Nigerie Ceevil War, War o Attreetion, Yom Kippur War, Egyptian breid riots, 1986 Egyptian conscripts riot, Libie–Egyptian War, Gulf War, War on Terror, Egyptian Creesis, Seicont Libie Ceevil War, War on ISIL an the Sinai insurgency.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. IISS 2019, pp. 336–339.
  2. 2.0 2.1 IISS 2019, p. 336.
  3. 3.0 3.1 egypttoday 2019, p. 336.
  4. Staff, By the CNN Wire. "Egypt's military: Key facts" (in Inglis). Retrieved 2017-04-12.

Further reading[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • IISS (2019). The Military Balance 2019. Routledge. ISBN 978-1857439885.
  • Hazem Kandil, 'Soldiers, Spies, and Statesmen: Egypt's Road to Revolt,' Verso, 2012
  • Kenneth M. Pollack, Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness 1948-91, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London, 2002, and Pollack's book reviewed in International Security, Vol. 28, No.2.
  • Norvell deAtkine, 'Why Arabs Lose Wars,' Middle East Quarterly, 6(4).
  • CMI Publications, "The Egyptian military in politics and the economy: Recent history and current transition status". www.cmi.no. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  • Maj Gen Mohammed Fawzy, The Three-Years War (in Arabic)
  • H.Frisch, Guns and butter in the Egyptian Army, p. 6. Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Summer 2001).
  • Dr Mohammed al-Jawadi, In Between the Catastrophe: Memoirs of Egyptian Military Commanders from 1967 to 1972 (in Arabic)
  • Hazem Kandil, Soldiers, spies, and statesmen: Egypt's road to revolt. Verso Books, 2012.
  • Maj Gen Abed al-Menahim Khalil, Egyptian Wars in Modern History (in Arabic)
  • Andrew McGregor, A military history of modern Egypt: from the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006
  • "The Egyptian Armed Forces and the Remaking of an Economic Empire". Carnegie Middle East Center. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  • Lt Gen Saad el-Shazly, The Crossing of the Suez

Freemit Airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]