Ef (Cyrillic)

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Cyrillic letter Ef
Cyrylicka litera Ф.PNG
Numeric value: 500
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
З́ Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й
Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ
О П Р С С́ Т Ћ
Ќ У Ў Ф Х Ц Ч
Џ Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э
Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
А́ А̀ Ӑ А̄ А̊ А̃ Ӓ
Ӓ̄ В̌ Ә Ә́ Ә̃ Ӛ Ӕ
Ғ Г̧ Г̑ Г̄ Г̣ Г̌ Ҕ
Ӻ    Ғ̌ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ
   Д̆ Д̣ Ԫ Ԭ Д̆ Ӗ
Е̄ Е̃ Ё̄ Є̈ Ӂ Җ
Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ З̌ З̱ З̣
Ԑ Ԑ̈ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ И̃ Ҋ
Ӥ И́ Қ Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ Ҝ
Ԟ К̣ Ԛ Ӆ Ԯ Ԓ Ԡ
Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ԩ Ӈ
Ҥ Ԣ Ԋ О̆ О̃ О̄ Ӧ
Ө Ө̄ Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Р̌
Ҏ Ԗ Ҫ С̣ С̱ Ԍ Т̌
Т̣ Ҭ Ԏ У̃
Ӯ Ӱ Ӱ́ Ӳ Ү Ү́ Ұ    
Х̣    Х̱    Х̮ Х̑ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ
Һ Һ̈ Ԧ Ҵ Ҷ
Ӵ Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ
Ҿ Ы̆ Ы̄ Ӹ Ҍ Э̆ Э̄
Э̇ Ӭ Ӭ́ Ӭ̄ Ю̆ Ю̈ Ю̈́
Ю̄ Я̆ Я̄ Я̈ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ
Ѹ Ѡ Ѽ Ѿ
Ѣ Ѥ Ѧ
Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

Ef (Ф ф; italics: Ф ф) is a Cyrillic letter, commonly representin the voiceless labiodental fricative /f/, like the pronunciation o ⟨f⟩ in "fill". The Cyrillic letter Ef is romanized as ⟨f⟩.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Cyrillic letter Ef wis derived frae the Greek letter Phi (Φ φ). It merged wi an eliminatit letter Fita (Ѳ) in the Roushie alphabet in 1918.

The name o Ef in the Early Cyrillic alphabet is фрьтъ (fr̥tŭ or frĭtŭ), in later Kirk Slavonic an Roushie fairm it acame фертъ (fert).

In the Cyrillic numeral seestem, Ef haes a value o 500.

Uisage[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Slavic leids practically dae nae hae native wirds containin /f/; this soond, which did nae exist in Proto-Indo-European, arose in Greek an Latin frae PIE *bʰ (which yielded Slavic /b/) an in the Germanic leids frae PIE *p (which remained unchynged in Slavic). The letter ф is, tharefore, almaist exclusively foond in wirds o foreign origin, especially Greek (frae ph an sometimes frae th), Latin, French, German, Inglis, an Turkic.

Few native Slavic wirds wi this letter (in different leids) are examples o onomatopoeia (like Roushie verbs фукать, фыркать etc.) or reflect sporadic pronunciation shifts, for example:

  • frae пв /pv/: Serbie уфати 'tae hope' (cf. Kirk Slavonic уповати 'tae hope')
  • frae хв /xv/: Macedonie сфати '(he) unnerstaunds' (cf. Kirk Slavonic схватити 'tae take, tae catch')
  • frae х /x/: Roushie toponym Фили 'Fili' (frae хилый 'sickly')

Roushie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ef is the twenty-seicont (if Yo is includit) letter o the Russian alphabet. It represents the consonant /f/ unless it is afore a palatalizing vowel when it represents /fʲ/.

Relatit letters an ither similar characters[eedit | eedit soorce]

Computin codes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Character Ф ф
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAIPITAL LETTER EF CYRILLIC SMAA LETTER EF
Encodins decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1060 U+0424 1092 U+0444
UTF-8 208 164 D0 A4 209 132 D1 84
Numeric chairacter reference Ф Ф ф ф
KOI8-R an KOI8-U 230 E6 198 C6
Code page 855 171 AB 170 AA
Code page 866 148 94 228 E4
Windows-1251 212 D4 244 F4
ISO-8859-5 196 C4 228 E4
Macintosh Cyrillic 148 94 244 F4

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The dictionar defineetion o Ф at Wiktionary
  • The dictionar defineetion o ф at Wiktionary