Early Muslim conquests

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Early Muslim conquests
Map of expansion of Caliphate.svg
Expansion frae 622–750, wi modren borders owerlaid
Date622–750
LocationLevant, Mesopotamie, Persie, North Africae, Iberie, Gaul, Transoxania, Sindh an Caucasus
Territorial
changes

Islamic expansion:

  unner Muhammad, 622–632
  unner Rashidun caliphs, 632–661
  unner Umayyad caliphs, 661–750
Belligerents
Commanders an leaders

The early Muslim conquests (Arabic: الفتوحات الإسلامية‎, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) an aa referred tae as the Arab conquests[2] and early Islamic conquests[3] began wi the Islamic Prophet Muhammad in the 7t century. He established a new unified polity in the Arabian Peninsula which unner the subsequent Rashidun an Umayyad Caliphates saw a century o rapid expansion.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Citations

Soorces

  • Donner, Fred M. (2014). The Early Islamic Conquests. Princeton University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Hoyland, Robert G. (2014). In God's Path: The Arab Conquests and the Creation of an Islamic Empire. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-991636-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kennedy, Hugh (2007). The Great Arab Conquests: How the Spread of Islam Changed the World We Live in. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81740-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kaegi, Walter E. (1995). Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests. Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)