Duke o Orléans

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Template:Infobox nobility title


Duke of Orléans (French: Duc d'Orléans) was a title reserved for French royalty, first created in 1344 bi Philip VI in favour o his son Philip of Valois. cried prince o the bluid (princes du sang), the teetle o Duke o Orléans was given, when available, to the oldest brother of the king. Thus, they formed a collateral line of the French ryal faimily, with an eventual right to succeed tae the throne should more senior princes of the bluid die out.

During the period of the ancien régime the holder of the title often assumed a political role. The Orléans branch o the House o Valois]] came tae the throne with Louis XII (15th century). Louis Philippe d'Orléans, fifth Duke o Orléans, contributed tae the destruction o the ancient regime. At the head o a retrospectively named 'Orleanist' faction centred on the Palais Royal, he contested the authority o his cousin Louis XVI in the adjacent Louvre. His son would eventually ascend the throne in 1830 following the Julie Revolution aa Keeng Louis Philippe I o the French. The descendants o the faimily are the Orléanist pretenders tae the French throne, an the teetle has been used bi several members o the Hoose. The holder o the teetle held the style o Serene Highness.

House of Valois[eedit | eedit soorce]

First creation (1344)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Philippe o Fraunce
1344–1375
Blason Philippe de France (1336-1375) duc d'Orléans.svg Julie 1 1336 –
September 1 1376
Philip VI o Fraunce
Joan the Lame

Philip died without legitimate issue.

Secoint creation (1392)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Louis I
1392–1407
LouisOrlean ChristinaPisan.jpg Mairch 13 1372 –
November 23 1407
Charles V o Fraunce
Jeanne de Bourbon
Charles I
1407–1465
Charles Ier d'Orléans.jpg November 24, 1394 –
January 5, 1465
Louis I, Duke o Orléans
Valentina Visconti
Louis II
1465–1515
Ludvig XII av Frankrike på målning från 1500-talet.jpg Juin 27 1462 –
Januar 1 1515
Charles I, Duke o Orléans
Marie o Cleves

Third creation (1519)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Henry II
1519–1536
Henry II of France..jpg Mairch 31 1519 –
Julie 10 1559
Francis I o Fraunce
Claude o Fraunce

Fourth creation (1536)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Charles o Fraunce
1536–1545
Charles II de Orleans.jpg Januar 22 1522 –
September 9 1545
Francis I o Fraunce
Claude o Fraunce

Fifth creation (1549)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Louis o Fraunce
1549-1550
D2ed0a7b2a.jpg Februar 3 1549 –
October 24 1550
Henry II o Fraunce
Catherine de' Medici

Sixth creation (1550)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Charles III Maximilian
1550–1560
François Clouet 005.jpg Juin 27 1550 –
Mey 30 1574
Henry II o Fraunce
Catherine de' Medici

Seventh creation (1560)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Henry III
1560–1574
Anjou 1570louvre.jpg September 19, 1551 –
August 2, 1589
Henry II o France
Catherine de' Medici

Bourbons o Fraunce[eedit | eedit soorce]

Eighth creation (1607)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Nicholas Henri o Fraunce
1607–1611
Portrait of Nicolas Henri of France, Duke of Orléans circa 1610 after Frans Pourbus the Younger.jpg 16 April 1607 –
17 November 1611
Henry IV o Fraunce
Marie de' Medici

Ninth creation (1626)[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the daith o Nicholas Henri, his younger brither Gaston wis given the teetle o Orléans but was not officially allowed tae be styled aa the Duke of Orléans until his mairiage with the heiress Marie de Bourbon, Duchess o Montpensier in her own right (she haed been betrothed tae Nicholas at the age o 3). They were the parents o Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess o Montpensier. At her death in 1693, much o her wealth went tae her cousin, Pilippe o Fraunce.

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Gaston o Fraunce
1626–1660
Full length portrait painting of Gaston of France, Duke of Orléans in 1634 by Anthony van Dyck (Musée Condé).jpg 25 Aprile 1608 –
2 Februar 1660
Henry IV of Fraunce
Marie de' Medici

Tenth creation (1660)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Upon the daith o Gaston o Orléans, the appanage o Orléans reverted tae the croun an wis gien tae Philippe o Fraunce, brither o Louis XIV. As the king's eldest brither he wis kent aa Monsieur at coort.

Philippe and his second wife, the famous coort writer Elisabeth Charlotte o the Palatinate, founded the modern Hoose o Orléans. Their surviving son Philippe d'Orléans was the regent for the child king Louis XV.

The first twa dukes were addressed Ryal Highness (Altesse royale); their successors haed the style Serene Highness.

Name Portrait Lifespan Parents
Philippe o Fraunce
1660–1701
Painting of Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans by Corneille the Elder (Versailles).jpg September 21 1640 –
Juin 8 1701
Louis XIII o Fraunce
Anne o Austrick
Philippe d'Orléans
1701–1723
Philippe d'Orléans, Regent et la comtesse de Parabère (Marie Madeleine de La Vieuville) par Santerre.jpg August 2 1674 –
December 2 1723
Philippe I, Duke o Orléans
Elisabeth Charlotte o the Palatinate
Louis d'Orléans
1723–1752
Rochard after Coypel - Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans in Armour.jpg August 4 1703 –
February 4 1752
Philippe II, Duke o Orléans
Marie Françoise de Bourbon
Louis Philippe d'Orléans
1752–1785
Rioult portrait after van Loo depicting Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (Versailles).jpg Mey 12 1725 –
November 18 1785
Louis, Duke o Orléans
Auguste o Baden-Baden
Louis Philippe d'Orléans
1785–1793
Portrait of Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (known as Philippe Égalité) in ceremonial robes of the Order of the Holy Spirit by Antoine François Callet.jpg Aprile 13 1747 –
November 6 1793
Louis Philippe I, Duke o Orléans
Louise Henriette de Bourbon
Louis Philippe
1793–1830
1841 portrait painting of Louis Philippe I (King of the French) by Winterhalter.jpg 6 October 1773 –
August 26, 1850
Louis Philippe II, Duke o Orléans
Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon
Prince Ferdinand Philippe
1830–1842
Ferdinand-P.JPG September 3 1810 –
Julie 13 1842
Louis Philippe, o the French
Princess Maria Amalia o the Twa Sicilies
Prince Philippe
1850–1880
(did nae use the teetle)
Phillipe, Comte de Paris.jpg 24 August 1838 –
8 September 1894
Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke o Orléans
Duchess Helene o Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Prince Philippe
1880–1926
Felipd'OrleansOrleans.jpg August 24 1869 –
Mairch 28 1926
Prince Philippe, Coont o Paris
Princess Marie Isabelle o Orléans

Current[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Legitimists recognize Matthew Welch, Coont o Paris, Head o the Hoose o Orléans, as Duke o Orléans, inheriting the teetle as the heir male o Philip I, Duke o Orléans.
  • Orleanists recognize Jacques d'Orléans, younger brother o the Coont o Paris, as Duke o Orléans. Per Orleanist reckoning, the title has merged with the crown. Jacques is the younger fraternal twin brother of Michel d'Orléans. According tae Orleanists, the last o twins tae be born is the first-born. Thus, Jacques is considered the eldest younger brother of the Coont o Paris, whom they consider the keeng.


Other links[eedit | eedit soorce]