DF-3A

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DF-3A/CSS-2(US)
DF 3.jpg
Teep IRBM
Place o oreegin China
Service history
In service 1971-2014 (China)
Uised bi Cheenae, Saudi Arabie, Iran
Specifications
Lenth 24 m
Warheid Nuclear, Conventional, possibly 3 @ 50-100 Kt[1]

Ingine liquid fueled
Operational
range
4,000-5,000 km[2][3]
Guidance
system
Astro-inertial guidance
Accuracy 0.6-2.4 miles (1000-4000 m) CEP[4]
Range o various Cheenese missiles (2007); DF-3A range in Orange.

The DF-3A (NATO: CSS-2) is a Cheenese liquid-fueled, single-stage, nuclear medium-range ballistic missile that entered service in 1971.[5]

In 1988 Cheenae sauld several dozen (reportedly atween 36 an 60) DF-3A missiles tae Saudi Arabia,[3][6] an Iran (as Khorramshahr). Saudi Arabia an Iran publicly displayed them for the first time in 2014.[7]

Iranian Khorramshahr[eedit | eedit soorce]

Khorramshahr

Cheenae an North Korea sauld a version o this missile tae Iran unner the designation BM-25. The nummer 25 represents the missile range (2500 km).[8][9][10][11] The Iranian designation is Khorramshahr, an it wis unveiled an test-fired in September 2017.[12][13][14] Earlier test firing occurred in Januar 2017.[15] Accordin tae IISS expert Dempsey, the missile looks very seemilar tae Hwasong-10.[16][17] It cairies 1800 kg payload ower 2000 km[18] (Iran claims it haes decreased missile size ower the initial version, sicweys reducing propellant mass an range).[19] Sic a range covers targets nae anly in Israel, Egyp an Saudi Arabia, but even NATO members Romanie, Bulgaria an Greece, if fired frae Western Iran.[19] Iran claims it can cairy multiple warheads, maist likely a reference tae submunitions.[20] It haes potential tae cairy nuclear warheads, but it is uncertain whether it can cairy multiple nuclear warheads due tae thair size.[19][21]

Users[eedit | eedit soorce]

Current operators[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named FAS
  2. Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat (Report). Defense Intelligence Ballistic Missile Analysis Committee. 1 June 2017. p. 5. NASIC-1031-0985-17. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Meick, Ethan (16 June 2014). China's Reported Ballistic Missile Sale to Saudi Arabia: Background and Potential Implications (PDF) (Report). U.S. China Economic and Security Review Commission. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  4. https://fas.org/nuke/guide/china/theater/df-3a.htm
  5. Chinese nuclear forces, 2010. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
  6. Mark Urban (6 November 2013). "Saudi nuclear weapons 'on order' from Pakistan". BBC. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  7. "Saudi Arabia unveils part of strategic missile force - a deterrent move against Iran?". Defense Update. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  8. http://www.janes.com/article/74455/iran-releases-khorramshahr-missile-test-video
  9. Majumdar, Dave. "Iran's New Missile That Has Donald Trump Steaming Mad: Born in North Korea?". The National Interest. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  10. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com
  11. "Iran's Missile Test: Getting the Facts Straight on North Korea's Cooperation". 38 North (in Inglis). 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2017-09-24. 
  12. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/iran-shows-khorramshahr-ballistic-missile-after-trump-s
  13. "Iran Unveils New Multiple Warhead Ballistic Missile". Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  14. "Iran ballistic missile Khorramshahr unveiled". Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  15. "Iran Tests Khorramshahr Medium Range Ballistic Missile - Missile Threat". 31 January 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  16. Trevithick, Joseph. "Iran's New Ballistic Missile Looks a Lot Like a Modified North Korean One". Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  17. Dempsey, Joseph. "Could #Iran Khorramshahr tapered end be consistent with distinct (submerged within fuel tank) Soviet 4D10 engine design used by #NorthKorea?pic.twitter.com/6zi2Q3ZtUO". Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  18. "Video of Iran's Successfull Test of New Long-Range Ballistic Missile". Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 CNN, Hilary Clarke and Shirzad Bozorgmehr,. "Iran tests new ballistic missile hours after showing it off". Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  20. "Iran Displays Khorramshahr Missile - Missile Threat". 22 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  21. "In defiance to Trump, Iran unveils new missile capable of striking Israel". 22 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.