Compact disc

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Compact disc
Compact disc.svg
The readable surface o a Compact disc
includes a spiral track
wound tightly enough tae
cause licht tae diffract
intae a full veesible spectrum
Media type Optical disc
Encodin Various
Capacity Typically up tae 700
MiB (up tae 80 minutes audio)
Read mechanism 780 nm wavelength
(infrared an reid edge)
semiconductor laser, 1200 Kib/s (1×)
Write mechanism 1200 Kib/s (1×)
Developed bi Philips, Sony
Uisage Audio an data storage

The compact disc, or CD for short, is an optical disc uised tae store deegital data. The furmat wis oreeginally developed tae store an play back soond recordins anly (CD-DA), but wis later adaptit for storage o data (CD-ROM). Several ither firmats wur further derived frae these, includin write-ance audio an data storage (CD-R), rewritable media (CD-RW), Video Compact Disc (VCD), Super Video Compact Disc (SVCD), Photo CD, PictureCD, CD-i, an Enhanced Muisic CD. Audio CDs an audio CD players hae been commercially available syne October 1982.

Staundart CDs hae a diameter o 120 millimetres (4.7 in) an can hauld up tae 80 minutes o uncompressed audio or 700 MiB (actually aboot 703 MiB or 737 MB) o data. The Mini CD haes various diameters rangin frae 60 to 80 millimetres (2.4 to 3.1 in); thay are sometimes uised for CD singles, storin up tae 24 minutes o audio or deliverin device drivers.

At the time o the technology's introduction it haed mair capacity than computer haird drives common at the time. The reverse is now true, wi haird drives far exceedin the capacity o CDs.

In 2004, warldwide sales o CD audio, CD-ROM, an CD-R reached aboot 30 billion discs. Bi 2007, 200 billion CDs haed been sauld warldwide.[1] Compact discs are increasinly bein replaced or supplementit bi ither furms o deegital distribution an storage, such as dounloadin an flash drives, wi audio CD sales droppin nearly 50% frae thair peak in 2000.[2]

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