Achille-Claude Debussy (French: [aʃil klod dəbysi], 22 August 1862 – 25 Mairch 1918), kent syne the 1890s as Claude-Achille Debussy or Claude Debussy, wis a French componer. He an Maurice Ravel war the maist prominent figurs associatit wi Impressionist muisic, tho Debussy disliked the term when applied tae his composeetions. He wis amang the maist influential componers o the late 19t an early 20t centuries.
Born tae a faimily o modest means an little cultural involvement, Debussy shawed eneuch musical talent tae be admittit at the age o ten tae Fraunce's leadin muisic college, the Conservatoire de Paris. He oreeginally studied the pianae, but foond his vocation in innovative composeetion, despite the disapproval o the Conservatoire's conservative perfessors. He teuk mony years tae develop his matur style, an wis nearly 40 afore achievin internaitional fame in 1902 wi the anerly opera he completit, Pelléas et Mélisande.
Debussy's orchestral warks include Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (1894), Nocturnes (1897–1899) an Images (1905–1912). His muisic wis tae a conseederable extent a reaction against Wagner an the German muisical tradeetion. He regairdit the clessical symphony as obsolete an socht an alternative in his "symphonic skeitches", La mer (1903–1905). His pianae warks include twa beuks o Préludes an twa o Études. Ootthrou his career he wrote mélodies based on a wide variety o poetry, includin his awn. He wis greatly influenced bi the Symbolist poetic muivement o the later 19t century. A smaw nummer o warks, includin the early La Damoiselle élue an the late Le Martyre de saint Sébastien hae important pairts for chorus. In his feenal years, he focused on chaumer muisic, completin three o sax planned sonatas for different combinations o instruments.
Wi early influences includin Roushie an faur-eastren muisic, Debussy developit his awn style o harmony an orchestral colourin, derided–an unsuccessfully resistit–bi muckle o the muisical establishment o the day. His warks hae strangly influenced a wide range o componers includin Béla Bartók, Olivier Messiaen, George Benjamin, an the jazz pianist an componer Bill Evans. Debussy dee'd frae cancer at his hame in Paris at the age o 55 efter a componin career o a little mair nor 30 years.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Claude Debussy – pronunciation at Forvo.com
- Born Achille-Claude Debussy, he wis kent as "Achille" during his student days, chynged his forename tae "Claude-Achille" aroond 1890, an efter 1894 wis kent simply as "Claude Debussy" (Fulcher, Jane F. Debussy and His World. Princeton University Press, 2001. p. 101.).
- Politoske, Daniel T.; Martin Werner (1988). Music, Fourth Edition. Prentice Hall. p. 419. ISBN 0-13-607616-5.