Cirrhosis

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Cirrhosis
Hepaticfailure.jpg
The abdomen o a person wi cirrhosis shawin massive fluid bigup an verra veesible veins
Specialty Gastroenterology
Symptoms Tired, itchy, swellin in the lawer legs, yellae skin, easily bruise, fluid big up in the abdomen[1]
Complications Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic encephalopathy, dilatit veins in the esophagus, liver cancer[1]
Uisual onset Ower months or years[1]
Duration Long term[1]
Causes Alcohol, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease[1][2]
Diagnostic method Bluid tests, medical eemagin, liver biopsy[1]
Prevention Vaccination, avoidig alcohol[1]
Treatment Depends on unnerleein cause[1]
Frequency 2.8 million (2015)[3]
Daiths 1.3 million (2015)[4]

Cirrhosis is a condeetion in that the liver disna function properly due tae lang-term damage. This damage is chairacterised bi the replacement o normal liver tishie bi aur tishie. Teepically, the disease develops slawly ower months or years. Early on, thare are eften na symptoms. As the disease worsens, a person mey acome tired, waik, itchy, hae swellin in the lawer legs, develop yellae skin, bruise easily, hae fluid big up in the abdomen, or develop spider-lik bluid veshels on the skin. The fluid big-up in the abdomen mey acome spontaneously infectit. Ither complications include hepatic encephalopathy, bleedin frae dilatit veins in the esophagus or dilatit painch veins, an liver cancer. Hepatic encephalopathy results in confusion an mey lead tae unconsciousness.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 "Cirrhosis". Aprile 23, 2014. Retrieved 19 Mey 2015. 
  2. GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 December 2014). "Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013". Lancet. 385 (9963): 117–71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2. PMC 4340604Freely accessible. PMID 25530442. 
  3. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577Freely accessible. PMID 27733282. 
  4. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMID 27733281.