Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Synonyms chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airwey disease (COAD), chronic bronchitis, emphysema, pulmonary emphysema, ithers
Centrilobular emphysema 865 lores.jpg
Gross pathology o a buff shawin centrilobular-teep emphysema chairactereestic o smokin. This close-up o the fixed, cut buff surface shaws multiple cavities filled wi hivy black carbon deposits.
Clessification an freemit resoorces
Specialty Pulmonology
ICD-10 J40J44, J47
ICD-9-CM 490492, 494496
OMIM 606963
DiseasesDB 2672
MedlinePlus 000091
eMedicine med/373 emerg/99
Patient UK Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
MeSH C08.381.495.389

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a teep o obstructive buff disease chairacterised bi lang-term puir airflow. The main symptoms include shortness o breath an coch wi sputum production. COPD is a progressive disease, meanin it teepically worsens ower time.[1] Eventually everyday activities, such as walkin up stairs, acome difficult.[2] Chronic bronchitis an emphysema are aulder terms uised for different teeps o COPD.[2][3] The term "chronic bronchitis" is still uised tae define a productive coch that is present for at least three months each year for twa years.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Vestbo, Jørgen (2013). "Definition and Overview". Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. pp. 1–7. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Fact sheet N°315". WHO. January 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2016. 
  3. Craig, John A. (2012). Ferri's netter patient advisor (2nd ed.). Saunders. p. 913. ISBN 9781455728268. 
  4. Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD (PDF). Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. 2016. p. 2. [deid airtin]