Christoph Willibald Gluck

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Gluck in a 1775 portrait bi Joseph Duplessis

Christoph Willibald (Ritter von) Gluck (German: [ˈkʁɪstɔf ˈvɪlɪbalt ˈɡlʊk]; 2 Julie 1714 – 15 November 1787) wis a componer o Italian an French opera in the early clessical period. Born in the Upper Palatinate (nou pairt o Germany) an raised in Bohemie,[1] he gained prominence at the Habsburg coort at Vienna, whaur he brocht aboot the practical reform o opera's dramaturgical practices that mony intellectuals haed been campaignin for ower the years. Wi a series o radical new wirks in the 1760s, amang them Orfeo ed Euridice an Alceste, he broke the stranglehauld that Metastasian opera seria haed enjoyed for much o the century.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Brown & Rushton 2001, Introduction and "1. Ancestry, early life and training."; Heartz 1988, pp. 517–526. Soorces differ concernin Gluck's naitionality: Kuhn 2000, p. 272, and Croll 1991, p. 308, say he wis German, while Brown & Rushton 2001 gie Bohemian; Hayes et al. 1992, p. 453, Bohemian-Austrick; an Harewood & Peattie 1997, p. 261, Austrick.