Cholesterol

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Cholesterol
Chemical structure o cholesterol
Baw-an-stick model o cholesterol
Sample o Cholesterol
Names
IUPAC name
(3β)-cholest-5-en-3-ol
Seestematic IUPAC name
2,15-dimethyl-14-(1,5-dimethylhexyl)tetracyclo[8.7.0.02,7.011,15]heptadec-7-en-5-ol
Ither names
(10R,13R)-10,13-dimethyl-17-(6-methylheptan-2-yl)-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-ol, Cholesterin, Cholesteryl alcohol[1]
Identifiers
Jmol-3D images Image
ChEBI CHEBI:16113 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL112570 YesY
ChemSpider 5775 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.321
KEGG D00040 YesY
UNII 97C5T2UQ7J YesY
Properties
C27H46O
Molar mass 386.65 g/mol
Appearance white crystalline pouder[2]
Density 1.052 g/cm3
Meltin pynt 148 tae 150 °C (298 tae 302 °F; 421 tae 423 K) [2]
Bylin pynt 360 °C (680 °F; 633 K) (decomposes)
1.8 mg/L (30 °C)[3]
Solubility soluble in acetone, benzene, chloroform, ethanol, ether, hexane, isopropyl myristate, methanol
Magnetic susceptibility -284.2·10−6 cm3/mol
Hazards
Flash pynt 209.3 ±12.4 °C [1]
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Cholesterol, frae the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) an stereos (solit) follaed bi the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol, is an organic molecule. It is a sterol (or modified steroid),[4] a teep o lipid molecule, an is biosynthesized bi aw animal cells, acause it is an essential structural component o aw ainimal cell membranes; essential tae mainteen baith membrane structural integrity an fluidity.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Substance Data for 57-88-5". 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Safety (MSDS) data for cholesterol". Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  3. http://www.pnas.org/content/70/8/2313.full.pdf
  4. Cholesterol at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)