Chlamydia infection

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Chlamydia infection
Synonyms Chlamydia
Pap smear showing clamydia in the vacuoles 500x H&E.jpg
Pap smear shawin C. trachomatis (H&E stain)
Specialty Infectious disease, gynaecology, urology
Symptoms Nane, vaginal discharge, dischairge frae the penis, birnin wi urination[1]
Complications Pain in the testicles, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy[1][2]
Uisual onset Few weeks follaein exposur[1]
Causes Chlamydia trachomatis spreid bi sexual intercoorse or childbirth[3]
Diagnostic method Urine or swab o the cervix, vagina, or urethra[2]
Prevention Nae haein sex, condoms, sex wi anerly ane non–infectit person[1]
Treatment Antibiotics (azithromycin or doxycycline)[2]
Frequency 4.2% (weemen), 2.7% (men)[4][5]
Daiths ~200 (2015)[6]

Chlamydia infection, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmittit infection caused bi the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.[3] Maist fowk that are infectit hae na symptoms.[1] Whan symptoms dae develop this can tak a few weeks follaein infection tae occur.[1] Symptoms in weemen mey include vaginal dischairge or birnin wi urination.[1] Symptoms in men mey include dischairge frae the penis, birnin wi urination, or pyne an swallin o ane or baith testicles.[1] The infection can spreid tae the upper genital tract in weemen causin pelvic inflammatory disease that mey result in futur infertility or ectopic pregnancy.[2] Repeatit infections o the een that gae withoot treatment can result in trachoma, a common cause o blindness in the developin warld.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet". CDC. May 19, 2016. Archived frae the oreeginal on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "2015 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines". CDC. June 4, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "2014 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance Chlamydia". November 17, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  4. Newman, Lori; Rowley, Jane; Vander Hoorn, Stephen; Wijesooriya, Nalinka Saman; Unemo, Magnus; Low, Nicola; Stevens, Gretchen; Gottlieb, Sami; Kiarie, James; Temmerman, Marleen; Meng, Zhefeng (8 December 2015). "Global Estimates of the Prevalence and Incidence of Four Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections in 2012 Based on Systematic Review and Global Reporting". PLOS ONE. 10 (12): e0143304. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0143304. PMC 4672879Freely accessible. PMID 26646541. 
  5. "Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Fact sheet N°110". who.int. December 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 25 November 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  6. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903Freely accessible. PMID 27733281. 
  7. "CDC - Trachoma, Hygiene-related Diseases, Healthy Water". Center For Disease Control. December 28, 2009. Archived frae the oreeginal on September 5, 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-24.