Chlamydia infection

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Chlamydia infection
SynonymsChlamydia
Pap smear showing clamydia in the vacuoles 500x H&E.jpg
Pap smear shawin C. trachomatis (H&E stain)
SpecialtyInfectious disease, gynaecology, urology
SymptomsNane, vaginal discharge, dischairge frae the penis, birnin wi urination[1]
ComplicationsPain in the testicles, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy[1][2]
Uisual onsetFew weeks follaein exposur[1]
CausesChlamydia trachomatis spreid bi sexual intercoorse or childbirth[3]
Diagnostic methodUrine or swab o the cervix, vagina, or urethra[2]
PreventionNae haein sex, condoms, sex wi anerly ane non–infectit person[1]
TreatmentAntibiotics (azithromycin or doxycycline)[2]
Frequency4.2% (weemen), 2.7% (men)[4][5]
Daiths~200 (2015)[6]

Chlamydia infection, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmittit infection caused bi the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.[3] Maist fowk that are infectit hae na symptoms.[1] Whan symptoms dae develop this can tak a few weeks follaein infection tae occur.[1] Symptoms in weemen mey include vaginal dischairge or birnin wi urination.[1] Symptoms in men mey include dischairge frae the penis, birnin wi urination, or pyne an swallin o ane or baith testicles.[1] The infection can spreid tae the upper genital tract in weemen causin pelvic inflammatory disease that mey result in futur infertility or ectopic pregnancy.[2] Repeatit infections o the een that gae withoot treatment can result in trachoma, a common cause o blindness in the developin warld.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet". CDC. May 19, 2016. Archived frae the oreeginal on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "2015 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines". CDC. June 4, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "2014 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance Chlamydia". November 17, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. Newman, Lori; Rowley, Jane; Vander Hoorn, Stephen; Wijesooriya, Nalinka Saman; Unemo, Magnus; Low, Nicola; Stevens, Gretchen; Gottlieb, Sami; Kiarie, James; Temmerman, Marleen; Meng, Zhefeng (8 December 2015). "Global Estimates of the Prevalence and Incidence of Four Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections in 2012 Based on Systematic Review and Global Reporting". PLOS ONE. 10 (12): e0143304. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0143304. PMC 4672879. PMID 26646541.
  5. "Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Fact sheet N°110". who.int. December 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 25 November 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903. PMID 27733281.
  7. "CDC - Trachoma, Hygiene-related Diseases, Healthy Water". Center For Disease Control. December 28, 2009. Archived frae the oreeginal on September 5, 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)