Caspian Sea

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Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea from orbit.jpg
The Caspian Sea as captured bi the MODIS on the orbitin Terra satellite, Juin 2003
Coordinates 41°40′N 50°40′E / 41.667°N 50.667°E / 41.667; 50.667Coordinates: 41°40′N 50°40′E / 41.667°N 50.667°E / 41.667; 50.667
Teep Endorheic, Saline, Permanent, Natural
Primary inflows

Volga River, Ural River, Kura River, Terek River

Heestorically: Amu Darya
Primary outflows Evaporation
Catchment aurie 362,600 km2 (140,000 sq mi)[1]
Basin kintras

Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Roushie, Turkmenistan

Heestorically an aa Uzbekistan
Max. lenth 1,030 km (640 mi)
Max. with 435 km (270 mi)
Surface aurie 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi)
Average deepth 211 m (690 ft)
Max. deepth 1,025 m (3,360 ft)
Watter vollum 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi)
Residence time 250 years
Shore lenth1 7,000 km (4,300 mi)
Surface elevation −28 m (−92 ft)
Islands 26+
Dounsets Baku (Azerbaijan), Rasht (Iran), Aktau (Kazakhstan), Makhachkala (Russia), Türkmenbaşy (Turkmenistan)
References [1]
1 Shore lenth is no a well-defined measur.

The Caspian Sea (Roushie: Каспийское море, Azerbaijani: Xəzər dənizi, Kazakh: Каспий теңізі, Persie: دریای خزر Daryā-i Xazar, دریای مازندران Daryā-i Māzandarān, Turkmen: Hazar deňizi, Georgie: კასპიის ზღვა) is the lairgest enclosed inland body o watter on Yird bi aurie, variously classed as the warld's lairgest loch or a full-fledged sea.[2][3] The sea haes a surface aurie o 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (nae includin Garabogazköl Aylagy) an a volume o 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi).[4] It is in an endorheic basin (it haes no outflows) an locatit atween Europe an Asie.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 van der Leeden, Troise, and Todd, eds., The Water Encyclopedia. Second Edition. Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, 1990, p. 196.
  2. "Caspian Sea - Background". Caspian Environment Programme. 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  3. "ESA: Observing the Earth – Earth from Space: The southern Caspian Sea". ESA.int. Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  4. Lake Profile: Caspian Sea. LakeNet.
  5. "Caspian Sea".