Caravaggio

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Caravaggio
Bild-Ottavio Leoni, Caravaggio.jpg
Chalk portrait of Caravaggio by Ottavio Leoni, circa 1621.
Born Michelangelo Merisi or Amerighi
29 September 1571(1571-09-29)
Milan, Lombardy
Died 18 Julie 1610(1610-07-18) (aged 38)
Porto Ercole, Tuscany
Kent for Pentin
Notable wirk(s) See Chronology o wirks bi Caravaggio
Muivement Baroque
Patron(s) Cardinal Francesco Maria del Monte

Michelangelo Merisi (or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (Italian pronunciation: [karaˈvaddʒo]; Milan, 29 September 1571 – 18 Julie? 1610) wis an Italian penter active in Roum, Naples, Maltae, an Sicily frae the early 1590s tae 1610. His pentins combine a realistic observation o the human state, baith pheesical an emotional, wi a dramatic uise o lichtin, that haed a formative influence on Baroque pentin.[1][2][3]

Caravaggio employed close pheesical observation wi a dramatic uise o chiaroscuro that cam tae be kent as tenebrism. He made the technique a dominant stylistic element, daurkenin shaidaes an transfixin subjects in bricht shafts o light. Caravaggio vividly expressed crucial moments an scenes, eften featurin veeolent struggles, tortur an daith. He wirked rapidly, wi live models, preferrin tae foregae drawins an wirk directly ontae the canvas. His influence on the new Baroque style that emerged frae Mannerism wis profoond. It can be seen directly or indirectly in the wark o Peter Paul Rubens, Jusepe de Ribera, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, an Rembrandt, an airtists in the follaein generation hivily unner his influence war cried the "Caravaggisti" or "Caravagesques", as weel as tenebrists or tenebrosi ("shaidaeists").

Caravaggio trained as a penter in Milan afore muivin in his twenties tae Rome. He developit a conseederable name as an airtist, an as a veeolent, titchy an provocative man. A brawl led tae a daith sentence for murther an forced him tae flee tae Naples. Thare he again established himsel as ane o the maist prominent Italian penters o his generation. He traveled in 1607 tae Maltae an on tae Sicily, an pursued a papal pardon for his sentence. In 1609 he returned tae Naples, whaur he wis involved in a veeolent clash; his face wis disfeegured an rumours o his daith circulatit. Quaistens aboot his mental state arose frae his erratic an bizarre behaviour. He dee'd in 1610 unner uncertaint circumstances while on his wey frae Naples tae Rome. Reports statit that he dee'd o a fiver, but suggestions hae been made that he wis murthered or that he dee'd o leid pushionin.

Caravaggio's innovations inspired Baroque pentin, but the Baroque incorporatit the drama o his chiaroscuro withoot the psychological realism. The style evolved an fashions chynged, an Caravaggio fell oot o favour. In the 20t century interest in his wark revived, an his importance tae the development o Wastren airt wis reevaluatit. The 20t-century airt historian André Berne-Joffroy statit, "Whit begins in the wark o Caravaggio is, quite semply, modren pentin."[4]

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