Capper(II) sulphate

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Copper(II) sulphate
CuSO45aq.jpg
Structure of pentahydrate
Copper sulfate.jpg
Crystals of CuSO4·5H2O
Names
IUPAC name
Copper(II) sulphate
Ither names
Cupric sulphate
Blue vitriol (pentahydrate)
Bluestone (pentahydrate)
Bonattite (trihydrate mineral)
Boothite (heptahydrate mineral)
Chalcanthite (pentahydrate mineral)
Chalcocyanite (mineral)
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.028.952
EC Nummer 231-847-6
E nummer E519 (acidity regulators, ...)
KEGG
RTECS nummer GL8800000 (anhydrous)
GL8900000 (pentahydrate)
UNII
Properties
CuSO4 (anhydrous)
CuSO4·5H2O (pentahydrate)
Molar mass 159.609 g/mol (anhydrous)[1]
249.685 g/mol (pentahydrate)[1]
Appearance gray-white (anhydrous)
blue (pentahydrate)
Density 3.60 g/cm3 (anhydrous)[1]
2.286 g/cm3 (pentahydrate)[1]
Meltin pynt 110 °C (230 °F; 383 K) decompones (·5H2O)[1]
<560 °C decompones[1]
1.055 molal (10 °C)
1.26 molal (20 °C)
1.502 molal (30 °C)[2]
Solubility anhydrous
insoluble in ethanol[1]
pentahydrate
soluble in methanol[1]
10.4 g/L (18 °C)
insoluble in ethanol
Magnetic susceptibility +1330·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD) 1.724–1.739 (anhydrous)[3]
1.514–1.544 (pentahydrate)[4]
Structur
Orthorhombic (anhydrous, chalcocyanite), space group Pnma, oP24, a = 0.839 nm, b = 0.669 nm, c = 0.483 nm.[5]
Triclinic (pentahydrate), space group P1, aP22, a = 0.5986 nm, b = 0.6141 nm, c = 1.0736 nm, α = 77.333°, β = 82.267°, γ = 72.567°[6]
Thermochemistry
Staundart molar
entropy
So298
5 J K−1 mol−1
Std enthalpy o
formation
ΔfHo298
−769.98 kJ/mol
Pharmacology
V03AB20 (WHO)
Hazards
Safety data sheet anhydrous
pentahydrate
GHS pictograms The environment pictogram in the Globally Harmonized Seestem o Classification an Labellin o Chemicals (GHS)
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will nae burn. E.g., watterHealth code 2: Intense or continued but nae chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroformReactivity code 1: Normally stable, but can acome unstable at elevatit temperaturs an pressurs. E.g., calciumSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
2
1
Flash pynt Non-flammable
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
300 mg/kg (oral, ratton)[8]
US heal exposur leemits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 1 mg/m3 (as Cu)[7]
REL (Recommendit)
TWA 1 mg/m3 (as Cu)[7]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
TWA 100 mg/m3 (as Cu)[7]
Relatit compoonds
Ither cations
Iron(II) sulphate
Manganese(II) sulphate
Nickel(II) sulphate
Zinc sulphate
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Capper(II) sulphate, an aa kent as cupric sulphate, or capper sulphate, is the inorganic compoond wi the chemical formula CuSO4(H2O)x, whaur x can range frae 0 tae 5.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Haynes, p. 4.62
  2. Haynes, p. 5.199
  3. Anthony, John W.; Bideaux, Richard A.; Bladh, Kenneth W.; Nichols, Monte C., eds. (2003). "Chalcocyanite". Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF). V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Chantilly, VA, US: Mineralogical Society of America. ISBN 0962209740. 
  4. Haynes, p. 10.240
  5. Kokkoros, P. A.; Rentzeperis, P. J. (1958). "The crystal structure of the anhydrous sulphates of copper and zinc". Acta Crystallographica. 11 (5): 361–364. doi:10.1107/S0365110X58000955. 
  6. Bacon, G. E.; Titterton, D. H. (1975). "Neutron-diffraction studies of CuSO4 · 5H2O and CuSO4 · 5D2O". Z. Kristallogr. 141 (5–6): 330–341. doi:10.1524/zkri.1975.141.5-6.330. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 NIOSH Pocket Guide tae Chemical Hazards 0150
  8. Cupric sulfate. US National Institutes of Health

Citit soorces

  • Haynes, William M., ed. (2011). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 1439855110.