Cape Dutch

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The term Cape Dutch wis uised tae describe the indwallers (an thair leid) o the Wastren Cape o Sooth Africae, descendit primarily frae Dutch an Flemish as well as smawer nummers o French, German an ither European immigrants alang wi a percentage o thair Asian an African slaves, who, frae the 17t century intae the 19t century, remained mair or less loyal subjects o European (first Dutch, later Breetish) pouers. Meanwhile, thair pastoralist trekking kinsmen, the Trekboers, wur migratin away fra the Wastren Cape carvin oot a distinct cultur an dialect wi a strang desire for unthirldom. The term Cape Dutch is believed tae hae been coined bi Trekboers tae illustrate the fact that the Cape Dutch did no share the Trekboers' cultur an interests or desire for unthirldom. The Cape Dutch tendit tae hae no muckle affinity for thair rustic Trekboer kinsmen whose leid, cultur, an frontier lifestyle thay whiles deemed inferior.

The Voortrekkers (mainly descendants o Trekboers) embarked on a series o mass migrations caused bi the invadin Breetish, later kent as the Great Trek.

During the early twintiet century the descendants o the Cape Dutch an the Boers o Voortrekker an Trekboer strynd wad collectively acome kent as Afrikaners. That term is based on the leid thay spoke, Afrikaans, which directly evolved frae Dutch dialects wi minor Inglis, Malay, French an African influences. The Cape Dutch spoke a dialect cawed Cape Afrikaans or Wastren Cape Afrikaans, while the Trekboers an maist Voortrekkers spoke a dialect cawed Eastren Border Afrikaans. The Griquas (a métis o Boer, Tswana an Khoi) spoke a dialect cawed Orange River Afrikaans.

The descendants o the Cape Dutch in the twintiet century wur considered mair "liberal" an internaitionalist, while thair northren, somewha estranged kinsmen, the descendants o Voortrekkers an Trekboers, wur considered mair conservative, republican an naitionalist.

During the referendum o 1960 which asked voters if thay wantit tae exit frae the Breetish Commonwealth an adopt a republic in Sooth Africae, mony Cape Dutch descendants votit no in favour while maist Republican Boer descendants votit in favour.

The Republic o Sooth Africae wis adoptit on a 51% result o the referendum due tae the popular support o the Republican Boer descendants.

The term Cape Dutch an aa refers tae the early form o Afrikaans spoken at the Cape an an aa refers tae a style o airchitectural design uised in hooses, farm steads, wine estates an public buildings o the 17t an 18t centuries in the Cape, parteecularly aroond Cape Town, but an aa in touns lik Stellenbosch, Franschhoek, Paarl, Swellendam, Tulbagh an as far off as Graaff-Reinet.