Camphor

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Camphor[1][2]
Structural formula o camphor
Baw an stick model o camphor ((1R,4R)-1-methyl,heptan)
Names
IUPAC name
1,7,7-Trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one
Seestematic IUPAC name
1,7,7-Trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one
Ither names
2-Bornanone; Bornan-2-one; 2-Camphanone; Formosa
Identifiers
Jmol-3D images Image
Image
3DMet {{{value}}}
Beilstein Reference 1907611
ChEBI CHEBI:36773 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL504760 YesY
ChemSpider 2441 YesY
7822160 (R) YesY
9655 (S) YesY
DrugBank DB01744 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.860
EC Nummer 200-945-0
Gmelin Reference 83275
KEGG D00098 YesY
MeSH Camphor
RTECS nummer EX1225000
UNII 5TJD82A1ET YesY
UN nummer 2717
Properties
C10H16O
Molar mass 152.24 g·mol−1
Appearance White, translucent crystals
Density 0.990 g cm−3
Meltin pynt 175 °C (347 °F; 448 K)
Bylin pynt 204 °C (399 °F; 477 K)
1.2 g dm−3
Solubility in acetone ~2500 g dm−3
Solubility in acetic acid ~2000 g dm−3
Solubility in diethyl ether ~2000 g dm−3
Solubility in chloroform ~1000 g dm−3
Solubility in ethanol ~1000 g dm−3
log P 2.089
Vapour pressur 4 mmHg (at 70 °C)
Chiral rotation [α]D +44.1°
Hazards
EU clessification Flammable FHarmful Xn
R-phrases R11 R22 R36/37/38
S-phrases S16 S26
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heatit or exposed tae relatively heich ambient temperature before igneetion can occur. Flash pynt atween 38 an 93 °C (100 an 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 2: Intense or continued but nae chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash pynt 54 °C (129 °F; 327 K)
Explosive leemits 3.5%
Relatit compoonds
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Camphor /ˈkæmfər/ is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid wi a strang aromatic odor.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Merck Index, 7th edition, Merck & Co., Rahway, New Jersey, USA, 1960
  2. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
  3. Mann JC, Hobbs JB, Banthorpe DV, Harborne JB (1994). Natural products: their chemistry and biological significance. Harlow, Essex, England: Longman Scientific & Technical. pp. 309–11. ISBN 0-582-06009-5.