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Californium,  98Cf
A very smaa disc o silvery metal, magnified tae shaw its metallic textur
General properties
Name, seembol californium, Cf
Appearance silvery
Pronunciation /ˌkælˈfɔːrniəm/
Californium in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline yird metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline yird metal)
Aluminium (post-transeetion metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline yird metal)
Scandium (transeetion metal)
Titanium (transeetion metal)
Vanadium (transeetion metal)
Chromium (transeetion metal)
Manganese (transeetion metal)
Airn (transeetion metal)
Cobalt (transeetion metal)
Nickel (transeetion metal)
Capper (transeetion metal)
Zinc (transeetion metal)
Gallium (post-transeetion metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline yird metal)
Yttrium (transeetion metal)
Zirconium (transeetion metal)
Niobium (transeetion metal)
Molybdenum (transeetion metal)
Technetium (transeetion metal)
Ruthenium (transeetion metal)
Rhodium (transeetion metal)
Palladium (transeetion metal)
Siller (transeetion metal)
Cadmium (transeetion metal)
Indium (post-transeetion metal)
Tin (post-transeetion metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline yird metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transeetion metal)
Tantalum (transeetion metal)
Tungsten (transeetion metal)
Rhenium (transeetion metal)
Osmium (transeetion metal)
Iridium (transeetion metal)
Platinum (transeetion metal)
Gold (transeetion metal)
Mercur (transeetion metal)
Thallium (post-transeetion metal)
Leid (post-transeetion metal)
Bismuth (post-transeetion metal)
Polonium (post-transeetion metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline yird metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transeetion metal)
Dubnium (transeetion metal)
Seaborgium (transeetion metal)
Bohrium (transeetion metal)
Hassium (transeetion metal)
Meitnerium (unkent chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unkent chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unkent chemical properties)
Copernicium (transeetion metal)
Ununtrium (unkent chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transeetion metal)
Ununpentium (unkent chemical properties)
Livermorium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unkent chemical properties)


Atomic nummer (Z) 98
Group, block group n/a, f-block
Period period 7
Element category   actinide
Staundart atomic wicht (Ar) (251)[1]
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f10 7s2[2]
per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 28, 8, 2
Pheesical properties
Phase solid
Meltin pynt 1173 K ​(900 °C, ​1652 °F)[1]
Bylin pynt 1743 K ​(1470 °C, ​2678 °F) (estimation)[3]
Density near r.t. 15.1 g/cm3[1]
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 2, 3, 4[4]
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.3[5]
Ionisation energies 1st: 608 kJ/mol[6]
Creestal structur ​dooble hexagonal close packed
[[File:dooble hexagonal close packed|50px|alt=Dooble hexagonal close packed crystal structur for californium|Dooble hexagonal close packed crystal structur for californium]]
Mohs haurdness 3–4[7]
CAS Nummer 7440-71-3[1]
Namin after Californie, whaur it was discovered
Diskivery Lawrence Berkeley Naitional Laboratory (1950)
Maist stable isotopes o californium
iso NA hauf-life DM DE (MeV) DP
248Cf syn 333.5 d α (100%) 6.369 244Cm
SF (2.9×10−3%) 0.0029
249Cf syn 351 y α (100%) 6.295 245Cm
SF (5.0×10−7%) 4.4×10−7
250Cf syn 13.08 y α (99.92%) 6.129 246Cm
SF (0.08%) 0.077
251Cf syn 898 y α 6.172 247Cm
252Cf syn 2.645 y α (96.91%) 6.217 248Cm
SF (3.09%)
253Cf syn 17.81 d β (99.69%) 0.29 253Es
α (0.31%) 6.126 249Cm
254Cf syn 60.5 d SF (99.69%)
α (0.31%) 5.930 250Cm
Isotope references [8][9]
· references

Californium is a radioactive metallic chemical element wi seembol Cf an atomic nummer 98.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 CRC 2006, p. 4.56.
  2. CRC 2006, p. 1.14.
  3. Joseph Jacob Katz; Glenn Theodore Seaborg; Lester R. Morss (1986). The Chemistry of the actinide elements. Chapman and Hall. p. 1038. ISBN 9780412273704. Retrieved 11 Julie 2011. 
  4. Greenwood 1997, p. 1265.
  5. Emsley 1998, p. 50.
  6. CRC 2006, p. 10.204.
  7. CRC 1991, p. 254.
  8. CRC 2006, p. 11.196.
  9. NNDC contributors (2008). Sonzogni, Alejandro A. (Database Manager), ed. "Chart of Nuclides". National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory. Retrieved 2010-03-01.