Cairo Ceety Centre

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26 Julie Street (ex-Fouad I St.), Downtown Cairo.
Qasrayn Street, Downtown Cairo.

Dountoun Cairo, (Arabic: وسط البلدwasaṭ al-balad / wesṭ el-balad, "middle o toun"), haes been the urban centre o Cairo, Egyp syne the late 19t century, when the destrict wis designed an biggit.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie, designed bi prestigious French airchitects wis commissioned bi Khedive Ismail. It wis he who stressed the importance o urban plannin for the first time in Cairo, tae include broad, linear griddit streets, geometric harmony an modren European airchitectural style.

It wis ance hame tae the prosperous elite o late 19t an early 20t century Cairo. It is a relic o a bygone era — Egyp's Belle epoque — an demonstrates the Khedive's veesion for developin Egyp. Yet decades o neglect bi the neebourheid's landlairds an tenants, precipitatit bi the exodus o the expatriate commonty efter the 1952 Revolution led bi Gamal Abdel Nasser, an the ensuin depairtur o the upper classes, hae left the ornate splendor o its ornate edifices mired in decay. Lax enforcement o laws an regulations gae wey tae the entry o commercial establishments intae the neebourheid, maistly wi nae regaird tae mainteenin aesthetic harmony o preservin the historic buildings.

Dountoun landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Groppi[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the maist famous ice cream stores, an ane o the earliest, is locatit in Talaat Harb Square. The store wis owned bi an Italian, descendant o the Groppi Faimily, an survivit the naitionalization muivements in the 1950s an 1960s.

Café Riche[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the maist renouned dountoun laundmerks, on the 29t o Talaat Harb Street, is the Café Riche which opened in 1908.[1] The cafe witnessed mony historically significant events ower the last century: said tae be whaur the Keeng Farouk saw his seicont wife,[1] Nariman Sadek; whaur the perpetrator o the 1919 failed assassination attempt on Egyp's last Coptic Prime Meenister, Youssef Wahba Pacha lay in wait for his target;[1] an whaur several members o the resistance durin the 1919 revolution met the basement tae organize thair activities an prent thair flyers.

Cafe Riche later became an intellectual hub frequentit bi fowk sic as Nagib Mahfouz, Taha Hussein, an Ahmed Fouad Negm.[1]

Restoration[eedit | eedit soorce]

Heritage groups hae lang cried for a naitional campaign tae preserve an restore the aurie's airchitectural legacy an brawness. Anerly syne the 1992 yirdquauk, which caused notable damage athort the ceety an kintra, did naitional campaigns tae preserve heritage form, sic as the Historic Cairo Restoration Project.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Uncredited (17 December 2011). "A Riche history : The café at the heart of revolutionary Cairo". The Economist. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 


Coordinates: 30°02′51″N 31°14′18″E / 30.04750°N 31.23833°E / 30.04750; 31.23833