Buynaksk

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Buynaksk
Буйнакск
Toun[1]
Coat o airms o Buynaksk
Coat o airms
Location of Buynaksk
Buynaksk is locatit in Roushie
Buynaksk
Buynaksk
Location o Buynaksk
Buynaksk is locatit in Republic of Dagestan
Buynaksk
Buynaksk
Buynaksk (Republic of Dagestan)
Coordinates: 42°49′N 47°07′E / 42.817°N 47.117°E / 42.817; 47.117Coordinates: 42°49′N 47°07′E / 42.817°N 47.117°E / 42.817; 47.117
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Dagestan[1]
Foondit 1834
Toun status syne 1866
Aurie[2]
 • Total 20.95 km2 (8.09 sq mi)
Elevation 490 m (1,610 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
 • Tot 62,623
 • Estimate (2018)[4] 65,080 (+3.9%)
 • Rank 240t in 2010
 • Density 3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)
 • Subordinatit tae Toun o Buynaksk[1]
 • Caipital o Buynaksky Destrict[1], Toun o Buynaksk[1]
 • Urban okrug Buynaksk Urban Okrug[5]
 • Caipital o Buynaksk Urban Okrug[5], Buynaksky Municipal Destrict
Time zone Moscow Time Eedit this on Wikidata[6] (UTC+3)
Postal code(s)[7] 368220Eedit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID 82705000001

Buynaksk (Roushie: Буйна́кск) is a toun in Dagestan, Roushie, locatit at the fuithills o the Greater Caucasus on the Shura-Ozen River, 40 kilometers (25 mi) soothwast o the republic's caipital Makhachkala. Population: 62,623 (2010 Census);[3] 61,437 (2002 Census);[8] 56,783 (1989 Census);[9] 40,000 (1970).

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Buynaksk wis foondit in 1834 as a fortifeed ootpost Temir-Khan-Shura (Темир-Хан-Шура) near the ruins o medieval Balanjar. It wis grantit toun status in 1866. In 1920, it wis the centre o the ephemeral Muntainous Republic o the Northren Caucasus. On 13 November 1920, the govrenment o the Roushie SFSR declared Dagestan's autonomy durin the congress o the Dagestani fowk, which teuk place in Temir-Khan-Shura. In 1922, the toun wis renamed Buynaksk in honour o a revolutionar Ullubiy Buynaksky. In Mey 1970, Buynaksk wis badly damagit bi an yirdquauk.

In 1999, a car bomb ootside an apairtment biggin hoosin the faimilies o militar officers killed saxty-fower fowk.[10]

On 13 August 2009, Buynaksk wis the steid o twa attacks associatit wi the growin violence throuoot Dagestan an neebourin Chechnie. Aboot ten men first opened fire wi automatic wappens on a polis post, killin fower officers. The gunmen then entered a nearbi sauna complex an killed seiven female employees.[11]

Three sodgers wur killed, an thirty-twa wur woondit, in a suicide car-bombin at a militar base in the ceety on 5 September 2010. The driver o a Zhiguli automobile smashed throu a gate at the base an heidit for an aurie whaur sodgers wur quairtered in tents. Sodgers opened fire on the caur afore it reached the centre o the base. The driver then rammed the caur intae a militar larrie, whaur it explodit. Efter the blast, a roadside bomb hit a caur takkin investigators tae the scene, but no injuries wur reportit in the seicont explosion.[10] Housomeivver, attackers claimit for killin 56 Roushie sodgers bi the bombin.[12]

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, Buynaksk serves as the admeenistrative centre o Buynaksky Destrict, even tho it is no a pairt o it.[1] As an admeenistrative diveesion, it is incorporatit separately as the Toun o Buynaksk—an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1] As a municipal diveesion, the Toun o Buynaksk is incorporatit as Buynaksk Urban Okrug.[5]

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ethnic groups (2002 census):[13]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Law #16
  2. http://www.gks.ru/dbscripts/munst/munst82/DBInet.cgi.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Law #6
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019. 
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  8. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 The Guardian. September 5, 2010. Three Russian Soldiers Die in Blast Retrieved September 5, 2010
  11. The New York Times : 14 August 2009 : Clashes Kill Over 20 in Russia Region Retrieved September 5, 2010
  12. Kavkazcentr
  13. http://www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/rndaghestan.html

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №16 от 10 апреля 2002 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №23 от 4 апреля 2006 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Дагестан в связи с прекращением полномочий Государственного Совета Республики Дагестан». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №81, 12 апреля 2002 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #16 of April 10, 2002 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #23 of April 4, 2006 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of the Republic of Dagestan Due to the Termination of Powers of the State Council of the Republic of Dagestan. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №6 от 13 января 2005 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №60 от 5 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 9 Закона Республики Дагестан "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Республики Дагестан"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №8, 15 февраля 2005 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #6 of January 13, 2005 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #60 of October 5, 2012 On Amending Article 9 of the Law of the Republic of Dagestan "On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).