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Skeletal formula o butane
Skeletal formula o butane wi aw carbon an hydrogen atoms shawn
Ball an stick model o butane
Spacefill model o butane
IUPAC name
106-97-8 YesY
Beilstein Reference 969129
ChEBI CHEBI:37808 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL134702 YesY
ChemSpider 7555 YesY
EC-nummer [1]
Gmelin Reference 1148
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG D03186 YesY
MeSH butane
RTECS nummer EJ4200000
UN nummer 1011
Molar mass 58.12 g·mol−1
Appearance Colourless gas
Odor Petrol-like
Density 2.48 g dm−3 (at 15 °C)
61 mg L−1 (at 20 °C)
log P 2.745
Vapor pressure ~25 PSI (at 50 °F) [2]
kH 11 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
Std enthalpy o
−126.3–−124.9 kJ mol−1
Std enthalpy o
−2.8781–−2.8769 MJ mol−1
Speceefic heat capacity, C 98.49 J K−1 mol−1
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized Seestem o Classification an Labelling o Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal wird DANGER
GHS hazard statements H220
GHS precautionary statements P210
EU classification {{{value}}}
R-phrases R12
S-phrases (S2) S16
NFPA 704
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressur an temperatur, or is readily dispersed in air an will burn readily. Flash pynt ablo 23 °C (73 °F). E.g., propane Health code 1: Exposur would cause irritation but anly minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash pynt {{{value}}}
Explosive leemits 1.8–8.4%
Related compounds
Relatit alkanes
Relatit compoonds Perfluorobutane
Except whaur otherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 YesY verify (whit isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Butane is an organic compoond wi the formula C4H10 that is an alkane wi fower carbon atoms. Butane is a gas at ruim temperatur an atmospheric pressur. The term mey refer tae either o twa structural isomers, n-butane or isobutane (or "methylpropane"), or tae a mixtur o these isomers. In the IUPAC nomenclatur, however, "butane" refers anly tae the n-butane isomer (which is the isomer wi the unbranched structur). Butanes are heichly flammable, colourless, easily liquefied gases. The name butane comes frae the ruits but- (frae butyric acid) an -ane.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. PubChem 7843
  2. W. B. Kay. "Pressure-Volume-Temperature Relations for n-Butane". Standard Oil Company. 
  3. "Safety Data Sheet, Material Name: N-Butane" (PDF). USA: Matheson Tri-Gas Incorporated. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 

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