Boxer Rebellion

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Boxer Rebellion
(庚子拳亂)
Russian troops storming Beijing gates 1900.gif Siege of Peking, Boxer Rebellion.jpg
Tap: Roushie cannons breakin the gates o Peking
Bottom: American truips scale the waws o Peking
Date2 November 1899 – 7 September 1901
(1 year, 10 months, 5 days)
LocationNorthren Cheenae
Result Aicht-Naition Alliance veectory
Boxer Protocol signed
Belligerents
Eight-Nation Alliance:

Numerous Qing govrenors
Qing Dynasty Qing dynasty
Yihetuan flag.png Boxers
Commanders an leaders

Legations:
Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Ireland Claude Maxwell MacDonald
Seymour Expedeetion:
Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Ireland Sir Edward Seymour
Gaselee Expedition:
Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Ireland Alfred Gaselee
Roushie Empire Yevgeni Alekseyev
Roushie Empire Nikolai Linevich
Empire o Japan Fukushima Yasumasa
Empire o Japan Yamaguchi Motomi(ja:山口素臣)

Unitit States Adna Chaffee
Unitit States Emerson H. Liscum 
Occupation Force:
German Empire Alfred von Waldersee
Roushie Occupation o Manchurie:
Roushie Empire Aleksey Kuropatkin
Roushie Empire Paul von Rennenkampf
Mutual Pertection o Sootheast Cheenae:
Yuan Shikai
Prince Qing
Li Hongzhang
Ronglu
Qing Dynasty Empress Dowager Cixi
Qing Dynasty Li Bingheng
Qing Dynasty Yuxian Executed
Commander in Chief:
Qing Dynasty Ronglu
Hushenying:
Qing Dynasty Zaiyi
Tenacious Airmy:
Qing Dynasty Nie Shicheng 
Resolute Airmy:
Qing Dynasty Ma Yukun (zh:馬玉崑)
Qing Dynasty Song Qing
Qing Dynasty Jiang Guiti
Gansu Army (Gansu Braves):
Qing Dynasty Dong Fuxiang
Qing Dynasty Ma Fulu 
Qing Dynasty Ma Fuxiang
Qing Dynasty Ma Fuxing
Qing Dynasty Ma Haiyan 
Qing Dynasty Ma Biao
Qing Dynasty Aema
Qing Dynasty Yao Wang
Boxers:
Yihetuan flag.png Cao Futian Executed
Yihetuan flag.png Zhang Decheng
Yihetuan flag.png Ni Zanqing
Yihetuan flag.png Zhu Hongdeng
Strenth

Allied intervention forces in Peking:
≈50,255 in tot

Roushie truips in Manchurie: 100,000–200,000[3]

Yihetuan flag.png 100,000–300,000 Boxers
Qing Dynasty 100,000 Imperial truips[4]

Casualties an losses
2,500 foreign sodgers 2,000 Cheenese Imperial truips[5]
Unkent nummer o Boxers
32,000 Cheenese Christians an 200 Wastren missionaries killt bi Cheenese Boxers in Northren Cheenae[6]
Unkent nummer o ceivilians
Boxer Rebellion
Tradeetional Cheenese 義和團運動
Simplifee'd Cheenese 运动
Leeteral meanin Militia Unitit in Richteousness Muivement

The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) wis a veeolent anti-foreign, anti-colonial an anti-Christian uprisin that teuk place in Cheenae atween 1899 an 1901, taewart the end o the Qing dynasty.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Harrington 2001, p. 29.
  2. "China Relief Expedition (Boxer Rebellion), 1900 – 1901". Veterans Museum and Memorial Center. Archived frae the oreeginal on 16 July 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2017. 
  3. Hsu, Immanuel C.Y. (1978). "Late Ch'ing Foreign Relations, 1866–1905". In John King Fairbank. The Cambridge History of China. Cambridge University Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-521-22029-3. 
  4. Xiang 2003, p. 248.
  5. Singer, Joel David, The Wages of War, 1816–1965 (1972)
  6. Hammond Atlas of the 20th century (1996)
Soorces
  • Harrington, Peter (2001). Peking 1900: The Boxer Rebellion. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 1-84176-181-8. 
  • Xiang, Lanxin (2003). The Origins of the Boxer War: A Multinational Study. Psychology Press. ISBN 0-7007-1563-0.