Bohrium

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Bohrium,  107Bh
General properties
Name, seembol bohrium, Bh
Pronunciation Listeni/ˈbɔəriəm/
Bohrium in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline yird metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline yird metal)
Aluminium (post-transeetion metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline yird metal)
Scandium (transeetion metal)
Titanium (transeetion metal)
Vanadium (transeetion metal)
Chromium (transeetion metal)
Manganese (transeetion metal)
Airn (transeetion metal)
Cobalt (transeetion metal)
Nickel (transeetion metal)
Capper (transeetion metal)
Zinc (transeetion metal)
Gallium (post-transeetion metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline yird metal)
Yttrium (transeetion metal)
Zirconium (transeetion metal)
Niobium (transeetion metal)
Molybdenum (transeetion metal)
Technetium (transeetion metal)
Ruthenium (transeetion metal)
Rhodium (transeetion metal)
Palladium (transeetion metal)
Siller (transeetion metal)
Cadmium (transeetion metal)
Indium (post-transeetion metal)
Tin (post-transeetion metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline yird metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transeetion metal)
Tantalum (transeetion metal)
Tungsten (transeetion metal)
Rhenium (transeetion metal)
Osmium (transeetion metal)
Iridium (transeetion metal)
Platinum (transeetion metal)
Gold (transeetion metal)
Mercur (transeetion metal)
Thallium (post-transeetion metal)
Leid (post-transeetion metal)
Bismuth (post-transeetion metal)
Polonium (post-transeetion metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline yird metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transeetion metal)
Dubnium (transeetion metal)
Seaborgium (transeetion metal)
Bohrium (transeetion metal)
Hassium (transeetion metal)
Meitnerium (unkent chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unkent chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unkent chemical properties)
Copernicium (transeetion metal)
Ununtrium (unkent chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transeetion metal)
Ununpentium (unkent chemical properties)
Livermorium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unkent chemical properties)
Re

Bh

(Upe)
seaborgiumbohriumhassium
Atomic nummer (Z) 107
Group, block group 7, d-block
Period period 7
Element category   transition metal
Staundart atomic wicht (Ar) [270]
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2 (calculated)[1][2]
per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 13, 2 (predictit)
Pheesical properties
Phase solid (predictit)[3]
Density near r.t. 37.1 g/cm3 (predictit)[2][4]
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 7, (5), (4), (3)[2][4] ​(parenthesized oxidation states are predictions)
Ionisation energies 1st: 742.9 kJ/mol
2nt: 1688.5 kJ/mol
3rd: 2566.5 kJ/mol
(mair) (aw estimatit)[2]
Atomic radius empirical: 128 pm (predictit)[2]
Covalent radius 141 pm (estimatit)[5]
Miscellanea
Creestal structur hexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structur for bohrium

(predictit)[3]
CAS Nummer 54037-14-8
History
Namin after Niels Bohr
Diskivery Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (1981)
Maist stable isotopes o bohrium
iso NA hauf-life DM DE (MeV) DP
274Bh syn ~54 s[6] α 8.8 270Db
272Bh syn 9.8 s α 9.02 268Db
271Bh syn 1.2 s[7] α 9.35[7] 267Db
270Bh syn 61 s α 8.93 266Db
267Bh syn 17 s α 8.83 263Db
· references

Bohrium is a chemical element wi seembol Bh an atomic nummer 107.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Johnson, E.; Fricke, B.; Jacob, T.; Dong, C. Z.; Fritzsche, S.; Pershina, V. (2002). "Ionization potentials and radii of neutral and ionized species of elements 107 (bohrium) and 108 (hassium) from extended multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock calculations". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 116: 1862. Bibcode:2002JChPh.116.1862J. doi:10.1063/1.1430256. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals". Physical Review B. 84 (11). Bibcode:2011PhRvB..84k3104O. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry. 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  5. Chemical Data. Bohrium - Bh, Royal Chemical Society
  6. Oganessian, Yuri Ts.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Bailey, P. D.; et al. (2010-04-09). "Synthesis of a New Element with Atomic Number Z=117". Physical Review Letters. American Physical Society. 104 (142502). Bibcode:2010PhRvL.104n2502O. PMID 20481935. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.142502.  (gives life-time of 1.3 min based on a single event; conversion to half-life is done by multiplying with ln(2).)
  7. 7.0 7.1 FUSHE (2012). "Synthesis of SH-nuclei" (PDF). Retrieved September 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)