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Biotechnology is the uise o livin seestems an organisms tae develop or mak products, or "ony technological application that uises biological seestems, livin organisms, or derivatives thareo, tae mak or modify products or processes for speceefic uise" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).[1] Dependin on the tuils an applications, it eften owerlaps wi the (relatit) fields o bioingineerin, biomedical ingineerin, biomanufacturin, molecular ingineerin, etc.

For thoosands o years, humankynd haes uised biotechnology in agricultur, fuid production, an medicin.[2] The term is lairgely believed tae hae been coined in 1919 bi Hungarian ingineer Károly Ereky. In the late 20t an early 21st centuries, biotechnology haes expandit tae include new an diverse sciences such as genomics, recombinant gene techniques, applee'd immunology, an development o pharmaceutical therapies an diagnostic tests.[2]

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