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Bisho Massacre Memorial Steid
Bisho Massacre Memorial Steid
KintraSooth Africae
ProvinceEastren Cape
MunicipalityBuffalo City
 • Total8.08 km2 (3.12 sq mi)
435 m (1,427 ft)
 • Tot11,192
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African98.3%
 • Coloured1.0%
 • Indian/Asian0.2%
 • White0.2%
 • Other0.2%
First leids (2011)
 • Xhosa92.0%
 • Inglis4.0%
 • Other4.1%
Postal code (street)
PO box
Aurie code040

Bhisho (formerly Bisho)[2] is the caipital o the Eastren Cape Province in Sooth Africae. The Provincial legislature an mony ither govrenment depairtments are heidquartered in the toun.

Bhisho is the Xhosa wird for buffalo, which is also the name o the river that runs through this toun.

The toun is pairt o the Buffalo Ceety Metropolitan Municipality o the Eastren Cape, the urban agglomeration aroond East Lunnon.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unner its umwhile name o Bisho, it wis the caipital o the umwhile bantustan o Ciskei. Ciskei wis nominally grantit unthirldom in 1981, although this wis never recognised ootside Sooth Africae, an wis reincorporated intae South Africa on 12 August 1994. Durin its time as a bantustan caipital, Bisho signed a sister-ceety agreement wi the settlement o Ariel in the Israeli-occupied Wast Bank.[3]

On 7 September 1992, this smaa toun acame the scene o what is kent as the Bisho massacre, when aboot 80–100,000 fowk mairched on Bisho protestin for the dismantling o the Ciskei, which still maintained a measur o unthirldom, an removal o Ciskei leader Brigadier Oupa Gqozo. The Ciskei Defence Force opened fire, shootin dead 28 or 29 fowk, an woondin 100. The massacre came at a creetical time when negotiations towards democracy wur unnerwye.

On 16 Julie 2004, the toun wis offeecially renamed frae Bisho tae Bhisho.[4][5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Main Place Bhisho". Census 2011.
  2. Jenkins, Elwyn (2007), Falling into place: the story of modern South African place names, David Philip Publishers, p. 75
  3. Sasha Polakow-Suransky, The Unspoken Alliance: Israel's Secret Relationship with Apartheid South Africa, (New York: Pantheon Books), 2010, p. 157.
  4. "Place Name Search". Department of Arts and Culture, South Africa. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  5. "Old Place Names". Department of Arts and Culture, South Africa. Archived frae the oreeginal on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2012.