Berbers

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Berbers
Amazighs / ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ Imaziɣen
L'éventail.jpg
A woman wearin tradeetional Berber claes
Tot population
c.36 million [1]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
 Morocco ≈ 20 million [2][3][4][5]
 Algerie ≈ 13 million[4][6]
 Niger 1,620,000[7]
 Fraunce 1,500,000[8]
 Mali 850,000[9]
 Libie 600,000 [10]
 Mauritanie 114,000[11]
 Tunisie 110,000[12]
 Burkina Faso 50,000[13]
 Egyp 34,000[14]
 Israel 3,500[15]
Leids
Berber leids, Maghrebi Arabic, Modren Staundart Arabic, French
Releegion
Predominantly Sunni Muslim
Minority Irreleegion an Ibadi
Relatit ethnic groups
Iberians,[16] Picts,[16]
Tartessians, Saami,[17] ither Afro-Asiatic fowks[18][19][20][21][22][23][24]

The Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ Imaziɣen, singular: ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ Amaziɣ/Amazigh) are an ethnic group indigenous tae North Africae. Thay are distributit in an aurie stretchin frae the Atlantic Ocean tae the Siwa Oasis in Egyp, an frae the Mediterranean Sea tae the Niger River.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Native Peoples of the World: An Encyclopedia, Ed. Steven, L. Danver, M.E. Sharpe/Mesa Verde Publishing, 2013, p.23
  2. http://minorityrights.org/minorities/berber/
  3. Morocco's Berbers Battle to Keep From Losing Their Culture / Arab minority forces majority to abandon native language.Peter Prengaman, Chronicle Foreign Service.March 16, 2001 [1]
  4. 4.0 4.1 http://www.axl.cefan.ulaval.ca/afrique/berberes_Afrique.htm
  5. Teens in Morocco,Sandy Donovan,Compass point books,Minneapolis,United States,2008,p.42
  6. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-35515769
  7. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ng.html
  8. http://centrederechercheberbere.fr/tl_files/doc-pdf/berbere_france.pdf
  9. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ml.html
  10. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/12/libya-berbers-fear-ethnic-conflict-2014123065353199495.html
  11. https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/15607/MR
  12. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ts.html
  13. https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/15607/UV
  14. https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/14958/EG
  15. Shokeid, Moshe. The Dual Heritage: Immigrants from the Atlas Mountains in an Israeli Village.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Hogben, Lancelot. "Human biology and human speech" (pdf). University of Birmingham. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  17. Alessandro Achilli among others. "Saami and Berbers, An Unexpected mitochondrial DNA Link" (pdf). American Journal of Human Genetics. Retrieved May 2005.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  18. Blench, Roger. Archaeology, Language, and the African Past. Rowman: Altamira, 2006 ISBN 9780759104662
  19. Diakonoff, Igor. The Earliest Semitic Society: Linguistic Data. Journal of Semitic Studies, Vol. 43 Iss. 2 (1998).
  20. Shirai, Noriyuki. The Archaeology of the First Farmer-Herders in Egypt: New Insights into the Fayum Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic. Leiden University Press, 2010. ISBN 9789087280796.
  21. Blench R (2006) Archaeology, Language, and the African Past, Rowman Altamira, ISBN 0-7591-0466-2, ISBN 978-0-7591-0466-2, books.google.be/books?id=esFy3Po57A8C
  22. Ehret C, Keita SOY, Newman P (2004) The Origins of Afroasiatic a response to Diamond and Bellwood (2003) in the Letters of SCIENCE 306, no. 5702, p. 1680 doi:10.1126/science.306.5702.1680c
  23. Bender ML (1997), Upside Down Afrasian, Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 50, pp. 19-34
  24. Militarev A (2005) Once more about glottochronology and comparative method: the Omotic-Afrasian case, Аспекты компаративистики - 1 (Aspects of comparative linguistics - 1). FS S. Starostin. Orientalia et Classica II (Moscow), p. 339-408. http://starling.rinet.ru/Texts/fleming.pdf