Benjamin Disraeli

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Yerl o Beaconsfield

Benjamin Disraeli by Cornelius Jabez Hughes, 1878.jpg
Disraeli, photographed bi Cornelius Jabez Hughes in 1878
Prime Meenister o the Unitit Kinrick
In office
20 Februar 1874 – 21 Aprile 1880
MonarchVictoria
Precedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Succeedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
In office
27 Februar 1868 – 1 December 1868
MonarchVictoria
Precedit biThe Yerl o Derby
Succeedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Leader o the Opposeetion
In office
21 Aprile 1880 – 19 Aprile 1881
MonarchVictoria
Precedit biThe Marquess o Hartington
Succeedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
In office
1 December 1868 – 17 Februar 1874
MonarchVictoria
Precedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Succeedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Chancellor o the Exchequer
In office
6 Julie 1866 – 29 Februar 1868
Precedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Succeedit biGeorge Ward Hunt
In office
26 Februar 1858 – 11 Juin 1859
Precedit biSir George Cornewall Lewis
Succeedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
In office
27 Februar 1852 – 17 December 1852
Precedit biCharles Wood
Succeedit biWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Personal details
Born21 December 1804(1804-12-21)
Lunnon, Unitit Kinrick
Dee'd19 Apryle 1881(1881-04-19) (aged 76)
Lunnon, Unitit Kinrick
Poleetical pairtyConservative
Spoose(s)
Religion
SignaturCursive signatur in ink

Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Yerl o Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS (21 December 1804 – 19 Apryle 1881) wis a Breetish Conservative politeecian an writer, who twice served as Prime Meenister. He played a central role in the creaution o the modren Conservative Pairty, definin its policies an its braid ootreach. Disraeli is rememmered for his influential vyce in warld affairs, his poleetical battles wi the Leeberal Pairty leader William Ewart Gladstone, an his ane-naition conservatism or "Tory democracy". He made the Conservatives the pairty maist identifee'd wi the glore an pouer o the Breetish Empire. He is the anerly Breetish prime meenister tae hae been o Jewish birth. He wis an aw a novelist, publishin warks o feection even as prime meenister.

Disraeli wis born in Bloomsbury, then a pairt o Middlesex. His faither left Judaism efter a dispute at his synagogue; young Benjamin becam an Anglican at the age o 12. Efter several unsuccessfu attempts, Disraeli entered the Hoose o Commons in 1837. In 1846 the Prime Meenister at the time, Sir Robert Peel, spleet the pairty ower his proponal tae repeal the Corn Laws, that involved endin the tariff on importit grain. Disraeli clashed wi Peel in the Hoose o Commons. Disraeli becam a major feegur in the pairty. Whan Laird Derby, the pairty leader, thrice formed govrenments in the 1850s an 1860s, Disraeli served as Chancellor o the Exchequer an Leader o the Hoose o Commons.

Upon Derby's reteerment in 1868, Disraeli becam Prime Meenister briefly afore losin that year's general election. He returned tae the Opposeetion, afore leadin the pairty tae winnin a majority in the 1874 general election. He mainteened a close freendship wi Queen Victoria, that in 1876 appyntit him Yerl o Beaconsfield. Disraeli's seicont term wis dominatit bi the Eastren Quaisten—the slaw decay o the Ottoman Empire an the deseer o ither European pouers, sic as Roushie, tae gain at its expense. Disraeli arranged for the Breetish tae purchase a major interest in the Suez Canal Company (in Ottoman-controlled Egyp). In 1878, faced wi Roushie veectories against the Ottomans, he wirkit at the Congress o Berlin tae obteen peace in the Balkans at terms favourable tae Britain an unfavourable tae Roushie, its langstaundin enemy. This diplomatic veectory ower Roushie established Disraeli as ane o Europe's leadin statesmen.

Warld events thareefter muived against the Conservatives. Controversial wars in Afghanistan an South Africa unnermined his public support. He angert Breetish fermers bi refuisin tae reinstitute the Corn Laws in response tae puir hairsts an cheap importit grain. Wi Gladstone conductin a massive speakin campaign, his Leeberals defeatit Disraeli's Conservatives at the 1880 general election. In his feenal months, Disraeli led the Conservatives in Opposeetion. He haed ootthrou his career written novelles, beginnin in 1826, an he published his last completit novelle, Endymion, shortly afore he dee'd at the age o 76.