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Coat of airms o Baunatal
Coat airms
Baunatal is located in Germany
Location o Baunatal athin Kassel destrict
Baunatal in KS.svg
Coordinates: 51°15′32″N 09°25′06″E / 51.25889°N 9.41833°E / 51.25889; 9.41833Coordinates: 51°15′32″N 09°25′06″E / 51.25889°N 9.41833°E / 51.25889; 9.41833
Admin. regionKassel
 • MayorManfred Schaub (SPD)
 • Total38.27 km2 (14.78 sq mi)
210 m (690 ft)
 • Total27,750
 • Density730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Diallin codes0561, 05601, 05665
Vehicle registrationKS

Baunatal is a toun in the destrict o Kassel, in Hesse, Germany. It is a comparatively young toun which arose frae fusion o the umwhile unthirlt municipalities Altenbauna, Altenritte, Großenritte, Guntershausen, Hertingshausen, Kirchbauna an Rengershausen in 1966.[2]

In 1999, the toun hostit the 39t Hessentag state festival.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Geographic location[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baunatal directly borders on the sooth o Kassel an is locatit tae the wast o the valley o the Fulda river. West an northwest the toun borders on the Habichtswald wi the Baunsberg (413,4 m abuin sea level) in the north. Baunatal got its name frae the Bauna river, which traverses the toun frae the northwest tae the southeast until it flows intae the Fulda near Guntershausen.

Neebourin commonties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baunatal borders in the north on the municipality o Schauenburg an the urban destrict o Kassel, in the east on the municipality o Fuldabrück, in the sootheast on the municipality o Guxhagen, in the sooth on the municipality o Edermünde an in the wast on the toun o Niedenstein.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Volkswagenwerk Kassel wis biggit in 1957 on the umwhile premises o the Henschel & Son company in Altenbauna.[3] In 1960, juist ane year efter stairt o production, the nummer o employees exceedit 6,000. Due tae this rapid development the residential aurie an hoosin demands wur risin. As a consequence o this the three municipalities Altenbauna, Altenritte an Kirchbauna fusit intae Baunatal on 1 Januar 1964.[2]

On 1 Julie 1966 wi incorporation o Großenritte, Baunatal receivit toun privileges bi the Govrenment o Hesse. First mayor o the new foondit toun wis Horst Werner. At this time the nummer o indwallers wis 11,705 an the nummer o employees o the Volkswagen factory wis aboot 13,400.

On 1 October 1971 the municipality o Hertingshausen jyned Baunatal. On 1 August 1972 feenally the municipality o Buchenhagen, which wis a fusion o Guntershausen an Rengershausen, jyned Baunatal. The population o Baunatal wis aboot 19,300 in 1972. Currently (31 December 2018) the nummer o indwallers is 27,750.[4]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baunatal is connectit tae the ceety o Kassel bi trams an buses.[5] The toun haes its awn bus network cried StadtBus Baunatal an aw which is operatit bi the Regionalverkehr Kurhessen GmbH (RKH).[6] In addeetion the quairters Rengershausen an Gunterhausen are connectit tae the naitional rail netwirk an provide connection tae the Main–Weser Railwey an the Frederick William Northren Railwey bi means o the RegioTram Kassel.

Baunatal is connectit tae the motorways A 7, A 44 an A 49.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Toun cooncil[eedit | eedit soorce]

The local election held on 27 Mairch 2011 yieldit the follaein results:[7]

Pairties an voter commonties %
SPD Social Democratic Pairty o Germany 63.2 28 64.2 29
CDU Christian Democratic Union o Germany 21.2 10 28.6 13
GREENS Alliance '90/The Greens 13.6 6 3.0 1
FDP Free Democratic Pairty 2.1 1 4.2 2
Tot 100 45 100 45
Voter turnoot in % 49.8 42.9

Mayors[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mayors o Baunatal syne 1 Julie 1966:

  • Horst Werner
  • Martin Hesse
  • Hans Joachim Pioch
  • Heinz Grenacher
  • Manfred Schaub (syne 1 Juin 2005)

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Stadtmuseum[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Stadtmuseum is a museum o local history locatit in Baunatal-Altenritte. The main focus o the museum is the history o the 20t hunderyear parteecularly wi regaird tae the follaein topics: first railwey construction, history o the Henschel & Son airms factory, iveryday life durin Nazism, history o the Volkswagen factory syne 1957, urban development o Baunatal syne 1966.

Heimatmuseum Hessenstube[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Heimatmusesum is a museum o local history locatit in Baunatal-Altenritte. The museum delivers insicht intae livin an wirkin environs o fowk in the auncient veelages o Baunatal frae the late 19t hunderyear tae the early 20t hunderyear. The museum presents landwart hoosin condeetions, a historical smithy an historical wirk shops o jyners, shoemakers an woodturners.

Dorothea Viehmann[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baunatal is the birthplace o the famous storyteller Dorothea Viehmann. She wis ane o the maist important soorces o the fairy tale collection o the Brithers Grimm. Dorothea Viehmann wis born as Katharina Dorothea Pierson on 8 November 1755 in Rengershausen.

Hünstein[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Hünstein is a cultural monument locatit in Baunatal-Großenritte. The menhir consistin o quartzite wis a steid o ritual meetins durin the 4t an 3rd hunderyear BC. A legend says that a giant threw the menhir frae the nearbi Hirzstein wi intent tae destroy the steeple o Kirchbauna.[8]

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baunatal is kent for the Volkswagen factory, which is the seicont lairgest o the buist wi 13,500 employees. The factory daes nae big vehicles but rather delivers components an assemblies tae ither plants o the company. The sphere o business is mainly dividit intae the follaein pairts: gear manufacturin, foondry, exhaust seestems, caur bouk pressin, Original Teile Center (oreeginal pairts center), Volkswagen coachin. The premises hae a tot aurie o 2,404,737 m2 (25,884,374 sq ft) an are directly connectit tae the rail netwirk an the motorwey A 49.[3]

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baunatal hosts the follaein sports clubs an teams:

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baunatal is twinned wi:[9]

In honour o the twinnin tae Baunatal thare is an Avenida de Baunatal (Inglis: Baunatal Avenue) in San Sebastián de los Reyes. Ane station o Line 10 o the Madrid Metro is namit efter this Avenida. As the addeetion "Avenida" is teepically omittit, the station is simply cried "Baunatal".

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2018". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). Julie 2019.
  2. a b Baunatal – aus historischer Sicht Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine Verein für Heimatgeschichte und Denkmalpflege Baunatal e.V.
  3. a b Presse-Basisinformationen: Volkswagen AG Werk Kassel Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine - Volkswagen Media Services
  4. "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2018". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). Julie 2019.
  5. Haltestellenübersichtsplan Baunatal Stadtmitte Archived 2011-11-25 at the Wayback Machine - Kasseler Verkehrs-Gesellschaft AG
  6. StadtBus im Überblick Archived 2012-01-18 at the Wayback Machine- Nordhessischer VerkehrsVerbund
  7. Ergebnisse der letzten Wahlen Archived 2011-10-25 at the Wayback Machine - Stadt Baunatal
  8. Der Hünstein -
  9. Paartnerstädte Archived 2010-09-03 at the Wayback Machine - Stadt Baunatal
  10. "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 26 December 2013.

Template:Touns an municipalities in Kassel destrict