Battle o Lepanto

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Battle o Lepanto
Part of the Fowert Ottoman-Venetian War an the Ottoman-Habsburg wars
Battle of Lepanto 1571.jpg
The Battle o Lepanto, H. Letter, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich/London.
Date 7 October 1571
Location Gulf o Patras, Ionian Sea
Result Decisive Holy League victory
Belligerents

Banner of the Holy League 1571.png Haly League:

 Ottoman Empire
Commanders an leaders
Holy League:[1][2]
Christian Centre:
Spain John o Austrick
Republic o Venice Sebastiano Venier
Papal States Marcantonio Colonna
Christian Left:
Republic o Venice Agostino Barbarigo  
Christian Richt:
Republic o Genoa Gianandrea Doria
Christian Reserve:
Spain Álvaro de Bazán
Ottoman Fleet:[3][4]
Turkis Centre:
Müezzinzade Ali Pasha 
Turkis Richt:
Mehmed Siroco 
Turkish Left:
Uluç Ali Reis
Strenth

212 ships[2]

  • 6 galleasses
  • 206 galleys

28,500 sauldiers[5]
40,000 sailors and oarsmen[2]

1,815 guns[citation needit]

251 ships

  • 206 galleys
  • 45 galliots

31,490 sauldiers
50,000 sailors an oarsmen

741 guns (est.)[6]
Casualties an losses
7,500 dead
17 ships lost[7]
20,000 dead, woondit or captured[7][8]
137 ships captured
50 ships sunk
10,000 Christians freed

The Battle o Lepanto teuk place on 7 October 1571 when a fleet o the Holy League, a coalition o soothren European Catholic maritime states, decisively defeatit the main fleet o the Ottoman Empire in five oors o fichting on the northren edge o the Gulf o Corinth, off wastren Greece. The Ottoman forces sailin wastwards frae thair naval station in Lepanto (Turkis: İnebahtı; Greek: Ναύπακτος or Έπαχτος Naupaktos or Épahtos) met the Holy League forces, which haed come frae Messina, Sicily, whaur thay haed previously gathered.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Drane, Augusta Theodosia (1858). The Knights of st. John: with The battle of Lepanto and Siege of Vienna. London. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Konstam, Angus (2003). Lepanto 1571: The Greatest Naval Battle Of The Renaissance. Unitit Kinrick: Osprey Publishing. pp. 20–23. ISBN 1-84176-409-4. Retrieved August 29, 2012. 
  3. George Ripley and Charles A. Dana (1867). The new American cyclopaedia: Volume 10. New York. 
  4. Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1984). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571, Volume 161. Philadelphia. 
  5. Rodgers, William Ledyard (1939). Naval Warfare Under Oars, 4th to 16th Centuries: A Study of Strategy, Tactics and Ship Design. United States: Naval Institute Press. p. 175. ISBN 9780870214875. 
  6. The number of Turkish guns is said to be deduced from the list of booty after the battle. These lists are unlikely to be complete.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Confrontation at Lepanto by T.C.F. Hopkins, intro
  8. Geoffrey Parker, The Military Revolution, p. 88