Battle o Iwo Jima

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Battle o Iwo Jima
Part of Warld War II an the War in the Paceefic
37mm Gun fires against cave positions at Iwo Jima.jpg
A U.S. 37 mm (1.5 in) gun fires against Japanese cave poseetions in the north face o Moont Suribachi.
Date 19 Februar – 26 Mairch 1945
Location Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands
Result American victory
Belligerents
 Unitit States  Empire o Japan
Commanders and leaders
U.S. Navy:
Chester W. Nimitz
Raymond A. Spruance
Marc A. Mitscher
William H.P. Blandy
U.S. Marine Corps:
Holland M. Smith
Harry Schmidt
Graves B. Erskine
Clifton B. Cates
Keller E. Rockey
Tadamichi Kuribayashi 
Takeichi Nishi 
Units involved

Ground units:
V Amphibious Corps

Aerial units:
Seivent Air Force

Naval units:
U.S. 5t Fleet

  • Jynt Expeditionary
    Force (TF 51)
  • Amphibious Support
    Force (TF 52)
  • Attack Force (TF 53)
  • Expedeetionary
    Troops (TF 56)
  • Fast Carrier
    Force (TF 58)
Addeetional naval, air an grund support elements

Grund units:
109t IJA Diveesion

26t Tank Regiment
145t Infantry Regiment
Brigade Artillery Group

Naval Units:
Imperial Navy

  • Naval Guard Force (mainly AA an Art.)


Addeetional support units an Kamikaze
Strength
110,000 U.S. Marines, U.S. Navy corpsmen, USAAF personnel, an ithers
500+ ships
20,530–21,060 truips[1]
23 tanks[2]
438 artillery pieces
33 naval guns
69 anti-tank guns
~300 anti-aircraft guns[3]
Casualties and losses
6,821 killed
2 capturt but recovered[4]
19,217 woondit[1]
1 escort carrier sunk
1 fleet carrier severely damaged
1 escort carrier lichtly damaged

17,845–18,375 dead an missin[1]
216 taken prisoner[1]

~3,000 in hidin[5]
Battle o Iwo Jima is located in Pacific Ocean
Battle o Iwo Jima
Location within Pacific Ocean

The Battle o Iwo Jima (19 Februar – 26 Mairch 1945) wis a major battle in which the U.S. Marines laundit on and eventually capturt the island o Iwo Jima frae the Japanese Imperial Airmy during Warld War II.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Burrell 2006, p. 83. Burrell talks about how many historians have overestimated the number Japanese defenders, with 20,000 and even 25,000 listed. Burrell puts the range between 18,060 and 18,600, with exactly 216 of these taken prisoner during the course of the battle. Another 867 prisoners were taken by the U.S. Army between April and June, after the Marines had left.
  2. Taki, THE HISTORY OF BATTLES OF IMPERIAL JAPANESE TANKS.
  3. B. L. Crumley, "The Marine Corps: Three Centuries of Glory", Jan 19, 2013. The total breaks down as follows: 361 artillery pieces of 75 mm caliber or larger, 12 320 mm spigot mortars, 65 medium and light mortars, 33 naval guns, 94 anti-aircraft guns of 75 mm or larger, 200+ anti-aircraft guns of 20 mm or 25 mm, and 69 37 mm or 47 mm anti-tank guns.
  4. Morison, Samuel Eliot (2002) [1960]. Victory in the Pacific, 1945. Volume 14 of History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-07065-8. OCLC 49784806. 
  5. John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936–1945, page 669

Coordinates: 24°47′N 141°19′E / 24.783°N 141.317°E / 24.783; 141.317