Babylonie wis an auncient Akkadian-speakin Semitic naition state an cultural region based in central-soothren Mesopotamie (present-day Iraq). It emerged as an independent state c. 1894 BC, wi the ceety o Babylon as its caipital. It wis eften involved in rivalry wi its fellae Akkadian state o Assirie in northren Mesopotamie. Babylonie acame the major pouer in the region efter Hammurabi (fl. c. 1792 - 1752 BC middle chronology, or c. 1696 – 1654 BC, short chronology) creatit an empire oot o mony o the territories o the umwhile Akkadian Empire.