Avicenna

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Avicenna
(Ibn Sīnā  ابن سینا)
Avicenna Portrait on Silver Vase - Museum at BuAli Sina (Avicenna) Mausoleum - Hamadan - Western Iran (7423560860).jpg
Conventional modren portrait (on a siller vase, Avicenna Mausoleum an Museum, Hamadan)
Born c. 980 CE
Afshona, Peshkunskiy, Bukhara, Samanid Empire
Died Juin 1037 (aged 56–57)
Hamadān, Kakuyid Emirate
Residence
Ither names
  • Sharaf al-Mulk
  • Hujjat al-Haq
  • Sheikh al-Rayees
  • Ibn-Sino (Abu Ali Abdulloh Ibn-Sino)
  • Bu Alī Sīnā (بو علی سینا)
Academic backgrund
Influences
Academic wirk
Era Islamic Gowden Age
Main interests
Notable wirks
Influenced

Avicenna (/ˌævˈsɛnə/; Laitinised form o Ibn-Sīnā, Arabic full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sīnā[4] أبو علي الحسين ابن عبد الله ابن سينا; c. 980 – Juin 1037) wis a Persie polymath who is regairdit as ane o the maist signeeficant thinkers an writers o the Islamic Gowden Age.[5] Avicenna is an aw cried "the maist influential filosofer o the pre-modern era".[6] O the 450 warks he is kent tae hae written, aroond 240 hae survived, includin 150 on filosofie an 40 on medicine.[7]

His maist famous warks are The Beuk o Healin, a filosofical an scienteefic encyclopaedia, an The Canon o Medicine, a medical encyclopaedia[8][9][10] that becam a staundart medical text at mony medieval varsities[11] an remeened in uise as late as 1650.[12] In 1973, Avicenna's Canon O Medicine wis reprentit in New York.[13]

Besides filosofie an medicine, Avicenna's corpus includes writins on astronomy, alchemy, geografie an geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, pheesics an warks o poetry.[14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. In Bukhara (19 years) then Gurgānj, Khwārazm (13 years).
  2. In Gorgān, 1012–14.
  3. In Ray (1 year), Hamadān (9 years) an Isfahān (13 years). "D. Gutas, 1987, ''AVICENNA ii. Biography'', Encyclopædia Iranica". Iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  4. (Goichon 1999)
  5. "Avicenna (Persian philosopher and scientist) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2012-01-07. . Paul Strathern (2005). A brief history of medicine: from Hippocrates to gene therapy. Running Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-7867-1525-1. . Brian Duignan (2010). Medieval Philosophy. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 89. ISBN 978-1-61530-244-4. . Michael Kort (2004). Central Asian republics. Infobase Publishing. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-8160-5074-1. 
    • "He was born in 370/980 in Afshana, his mother's home, near Bukhara. His native language was Persian" (from "Ibn Sina ("Avicenna")", Encyclopedia of Islam, Brill, second edition (2009). Accessed via Brill Online at www.encislam.brill.nl).
    • "Avicenna was the greatest of all Persian thinkers; as physician and metaphysician ..." (excerpt from A.J. Arberry, Avicenna on Theology, KAZI PUBN INC, 1995).
    • "Whereas the name of Avicenna (Ibn Sina, died 1037) is generally listed as chronologically first among noteworthy Iranian philosophers, recent evidence has revealed previous existence of Ismaili philosophical systems with a structure no less complete than of Avicenna" (from p. 74 of Henry Corbin, The Voyage and the messenger: Iran and philosophy, North Atlantic Books, 1998.
  6. "Avicenna (Ibn Sina) | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy". 
  7. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Avicenna", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews .
  8. Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2007). "Avicenna". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Archived frae the oreeginal on 31 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-05. 
  9. Edwin Clarke, Charles Donald O'Malley (1996), The human brain and spinal cord: a historical study illustrated by writings from antiquity to the twentieth century, Norman Publishing, p. 20 (ISBN 0-930405-25-0).
  10. Iris Bruijn (2009), Ship's Surgeons of the Dutch East India Company: Commerce and the progress of medicine in the eighteenth century, Amsterdam University Press, p. 26 (ISBN 90-8728-051-3).
  11. "Avicenna 980–1037". Hcs.osu.edu. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 7, 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-19. 
  12. e.g. at the varsities o Montpellier an Leuven (see "Medicine: an exhibition of books relating to medicine and surgery from the collection formed by J.K. Lilly". Indiana.edu. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-19. ).
  13. Cibeles Jolivette Gonzalez. "Avicenna's Canon Of Medicine" – via Internet Archive. 
  14. "Avicenna", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Version 2006". Iranica.com. Retrieved 2010-01-19.