|Pairt o the persecution o Armenies|
Armenian ceevilians, escortit bi Ottoman sodgers, mairched throu Harput (Kharpert) tae a prison in nearbi Mezireh (present-day Elâzığ), Aprile 1915.
|Deportation, mass murther|
|Daiths||1.5 million[note 2]|
|Perpetrators||Ottoman Empire (Committee o Union an Progress)|
The Armenie Genocide (Armenie: Հայոց ցեղասպանություն,[note 3] Hayots tseghaspanutyun), an aa kent as the Armenie Holocaust, wis the Ottoman govrenment's seestematic extermination o 1.5 million Armenies, maistly Ottoman ceetizens within the Ottoman Empire an its successor state, the Republic o Turkey.
Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]
- The Armenie Genocide is generally associatit wi 1915, the year that maist o the atrocities teuk place. The span varies frae soorce tae soorce: 1915–1916, 1915–1917, 1915–1918, 1915–1923, 1894–1915, 1894–1923
- 1.5 million is the maist published nummer, houever, estimates vary frae 800,000 tae 1,800,000
- Հայոց ցեղասպանութիւն in clessical Armenian orthografie
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Gingeras, Ryan (2016). Fall of the Sultanate: The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1908-1922. Oxford University Press, Oxford. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-19-166358-1. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
By January, Ottoman regulars and cavalry detachments associated with the old Hamidiye had seized the towns of Urmia, Khoy, and Salmas. Demonstrations of resistance by local Christians, comprising Armenians, Nestorians, Syriacs, and Assyrians, led Ottoman forces to massacre civilians and torch villages throughout the border region of Iran.
- Kevorkian, Raymond (2011). The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History. I.B.Tauris. p. 710. ISBN 978-0-85773-020-6. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
'In retaliation, we killed the Armenians of Khoy, and I gave the order to massacre the Armenians of Maku.' ... Without distorting the facts, one can affirm that the centuries-old Armenian presence in the regions of Urmia, Salmast, Qaradagh, and Maku had been dealt a blow from which it would never recover.
- Yeghiayan, Vartkes, ed. (1991). "British Foreign Office Dossiers on Turkish War Criminals". American Armenian International College.
... Assyrians who were killed in Khoy, some 700 Armenian residents of Khoy were also massacred at the same time, June 1918.
- "Tsitsernakaberd Memorial Complex". Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- Kifner, John (7 December 2007). "Armenian Genocide of 1915: An Overview". The New York Times.
- "The forgotten Holocaust: The Armenian massacre that inspired Hitler". The Daily Mail. London. 11 October 2007.
- Göçek, Fatma Müge (2015). Denial of violence : Ottoman past, Turkish present and collective violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009. Oxford University Press. p. 1. ISBN 019933420X.
- Auron, Yair (2000). The banality of indifference: Zionism & the Armenian genocide. Transaction. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-7658-0881-3.
- Forsythe, David P. (11 August 2009). Encyclopedia of human rights (Google Books). Oxford University Press. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-19-533402-9.
- Chalk, Frank Robert; Jonassohn, Kurt (10 September 1990). The history and sociology of genocide: analyses and case studies. Institut montréalais des études sur le génocide. Yale University Press. pp. 270–. ISBN 978-0-300-04446-1.
- Armenian Genocide (affirmation), The International Association of Genocide Scholars,
That this assembly of the Association of Genocide Scholars in its conference held in Montreal, June 11–3, 1997, reaffirms that the mass murder of Armenians in Turkey in 1915 is a case of genocide which conforms to the statutes of the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide. It further condemns the denial of the Armenian Genocide by the Turkish government and its official and unofficial agents and supporters.
- Fisk, Robert (14 October 2006). "Let me denounce genocide from the dock". The Independent. Archived frae the oreeginal on 24 January 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- "8 facts about the Armenian genocide 100 years ago - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2015-12-13.
- "100 Years Ago, 1.5 Million Armenians Were Systematically Killed. Today, It's Still Not A 'Genocide.'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2015-12-13.