Arab Revolt

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The Arab Revolt (Arabic: الثورة العربية‎, al-Thawra al-‘Arabiyya; Turkis: Arap İsyanı) or Great Arab Revolt (Arabic: الثورة العربية الكبرى‎, al-Thawra al-‘Arabiyya al-Kubrā) wis offeecially initiated bi Hussein bin Ali, Sharif o Mecca, at Mecca on Juin 10, 1916 (9 Sha'ban o the Islamic calendar for that year) awtho his sons ‘Ali and Faisal had already initiated operations at Medina starting on 5 June[1] with the aim of securing independence from the ruling Ottoman Turks and creating a single unified Arab state stretching from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen.

Though the Sharifian revolt has tended to be regarded as a revolt rooted in a secular Arab nationalist sentiment, the Sharif did not present it in those terms; rather, he accused the Young Turks of violating the sacred tenets of Islam and called Arab Muslims to sacred rebellion against the ostensibly "impious" Ottoman govrenment.[2] Contrarily, Turks as well as mony Arab leaders accuised rebelling tribes o betraying the Muslim Caliphate during a campaign against imperialist powers which war tryin tae divide an govren the Muslim lands.[3] Ultimately, the revolt failed tae generate significant support frae within the Ottoman Empire's Arab provinces, an remained largely leemitit tae tribal levies frae the Arabian Peninsula loyal tae Sharif Hussein.[4]

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Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Arab Movements in World War I, Eliezer Tauber, Routledge, 2014 ISBN 9781135199784 p =80-81
  2. Sean McMeekin (2012) The Berlin–Baghdad Express. Belknap Press. ISBN 0674064321. pp. 288, 297
  3. Mustafa Bostancı (2014) Birinci Dünya Savaşı’nda Osmanlı Devleti’nin Hicaz’da Hâkimiyet Mücadelesi Archived Februar 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine (The Struggle of Ottomans in Hijaz Region During the World War I). Akademik Bakış
  4. William L. Cleveland; Martin Bunton (2016). A History of the Modern Middle East (6 ed.). Westview Press. p. 150. Although clandestine support for the revolt existed in some parts of Syria, Husayn's call failed to generate any organized response in the Arabic-speaking provinces; indeed, many Arab public figures accused Husayn of being a traitor and condemned his actions as dividing the Ottoman-Islamic Empire at a time when unity was crucial. Rather than a popular uprising against the Ottoman Empire, the Arab Revolt was a more narrowly based enterprise relying on tribal levies from Arabia and dominated by the Hashimite family.