Ammonium chloride

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Ammonium chloride
Unit cell o ammonium chloride
Pouder o ammonium chloride
Names
IUPAC name
Ammonium chloride
Ither names
Sal ammoniac, Salmiac, Nushadir salt, Sal armagnac, Salt armoniack
Identifiers
Jmol-3D images Image
ChEBI CHEBI:31206 YesY
ChemSpider 23807 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.031.976
EC Nummer 235-186-4
KEGG D01139 YesY
RTECS nummer BP4550000
UNII 01Q9PC255D YesY
Properties
H4ClN
Molar mass 53.49 g·mol−1
Appearance White solit, hygroscopic
Odour Odourless
Density 1.5274 g/cm3[1]
Meltin pynt 338 °C (640 °F; 611 K) decompones, sublimes
Bylin pynt 520 °C (968 °F; 793 K)
Sublimes at 337.6 °C[2]
ΔsublHo = 176.1 kJ/mol[3]
244 g/L (−15 °C)
294 g/L (0 °C)
383.0 g/L (25 °C)
454.4 g/L (40 °C)
740.8 g/L (100 °C)[4]
Solubility product, Ksp 30.9 (395 g/L)[5]
Solubility Soluble in liquid ammonia, hydrazine, alcohol, methanol, glycerol
Slightly soluble in acetone
Insoluble in diethyl ether, ethyl acetate[2]
Solubility in methanol 3.2 g/100 g (17 °C)
3.35 g/100 g (19 °C)
3.54 g/100 g (25 °C)[2]
Solubility in ethanol 6 g/L (19 °C)[1]
Solubility in glycerol 97 g/kg[2]
Solubility in sulfur dioxide 0.09 g/kg (0 °C)
0.031 g/kg (25 °C)[2]
Solubility in acetic acid 0.67 g/kg (16.6 °C)[2]
Vapour pressur 133.3 Pa (160.4 °C)[6]
6.5 kPa (250 °C)
33.5 kPa (300 °C)[1]
Acidity (pKa) 9.24
Magnetic susceptibility -36.7·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD) 1.642 (20 °C)[2]
Thermochemistry
Speceefic heat capacity, C 84.1 J/mol·K[1]
Staundart molar
entropy
So298
94.56 J/mol·K[1]
Std enthalpy o
formation
ΔfHo298
−314.43 kJ/mol[1]
−202.97 kJ/mol[1]
Pharmacology
B05XA04 (WHO) G04BA01
Hazards
Safety data sheet ICSC 1051
GHS pictograms The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized Seestem o Classification an Labellin of Chemicals (GHS)[6]
GHS signal wird Warning
GHS hazard statements H302, H319[6]
GHS precautionary statements P305+351+338[6]
EU clessification Harmful Xn Irritant Xi
R-phrases R22, R36
S-phrases (S2), S22
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will nae burn. E.g., watter Health code 2: Intense or continued but nae chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash pynt Non-flammable
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
1650 mg/kg (rats, oral)
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
none[7]
TWA 10 mg/m3 ST 20 mg/m3 (as fume)[7]
N.D.[7]
Relatit compoonds
Ither anions
Ammonium fluoride
Ammonium bromide
Ammonium iodide
Ither cations
Sodium chloride
Potassium chloride
Hydroxylammonium chloride
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compoond wi the formula NH4Cl an a white creestalline saut that is heichly soluble in watter.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Pradyot, Patnaik (2003). Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ISBN 0-07-049439-8. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 http://chemister.ru/Database/properties-en.php?dbid=1&id=371
  3. Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils (2001). Inorganic Chemistry (illustrated ed.). Academic Press. p. 614. ISBN 0-12-352651-5. 
  4. Seidell, Atherton; Linke, William F. (1919). Solubilities of Inorganic and Organic Compounds (2nd ed.). D. Van Nostrand Company. 
    Results here are multiplied by water's density at temperature of solution for unit conversion.
  5. "Solubility Products of Selected Compounds". Salt Lake Metals. Retrieved 2014-06-11. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Sigma-Aldrich Co., Ammonium chloride. Retrieved on 2014-06-11.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 NIOSH Pocket Guide tae Chemical Hazards 0029