Alumeenium oxide

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Alumeenium oxide
Aluminium oxide2.jpg
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.014.265
RTECS nummer BD120000
Molar mass 101.96 g·mol−1
Appearance white solid
Odour odorless
Density 3.95–4.1 g/cm3
Meltin pynt 2,072 °C (3,762 °F; 2,345 K)[1]
Bylin pynt 2,977 °C (5,391 °F; 3,250 K)[2]
Solubility insoluble in diethyl ether
practically insoluble in ethanol
Thermal conductivity 30 W·m−1·K−1[3]
Refractive index (nD) nω=1.768–1.772
Birefringence 0.008
Trigonal, hR30, space group = R3c, No. 167
Staundart molar
50.92 J·mol−1·K−1[4]
Std enthalpy o
−1675.7 kJ·mol−1[4]
EU clessification Nae listed.
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will nae burn. E.g., watterHealth code 1: Exposur would cause irritation but anly minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash pynt non-flammable
US heal exposur leemits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
OSHA 15 mg/m3 (Total Dust)
OSHA 5 mg/m3 (Respirable Fraction)
ACGIH/TLV 10 mg/m3
Relatit compoonds
Ither anions
aluminium hydroxide
Ither cations
boron trioxide
gallium oxide
indium oxide
thallium oxide
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Alumeenium oxide is a chemical compoond o alumeenium an oxygen wi the chemical formula Al2O3. It is the maist commonly occurring o several alumeenium oxides, an specifically identified as alumeenium(III) oxide. It is commonly cried alumina, an mey an aa be cried aloxide, aloxite, or alundum dependin on particular furms or applications. It commonly occurs in its crystalline polymorphic phase α-Al2O3, in which it comprises the mineral corundum, varieties o which furm the precious gems ruby an sapphire. Al2O3 is signeeficant in its uise tae produce alumeenium metal, as an abrasive owin tae its hairdness, and as a refractory material owin tae its heich meltin pynt.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Patnaik, P. (2002). Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-049439-8.
  2. Roew, Raymond (2009). "Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients": 11–12. Cite journal requires |journal= (help); |contribution= ignored (help)
  3. Material Properties Data: Alumina (Aluminum Oxide). Retrieved on 2013-04-17.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Zumdahl, Steven S. (2009). Chemical Principles 6th Ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-94690-X.
  5. "Alumina (Aluminium Oxide) – The Different Types of Commercially Available Grades". The A to Z of Materials. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)