Aldwych

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Aldwych

Aldwych (play /ˈɔːldwɪ/) is a place an road in the Ceety o Wastmeenster in Lunnon, Ingland.

Description[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aldwych, the road, is a crescent, connectit tae the Strand at baith ends. At its centre, it meets the Kingsway. Biggins along its length are:

Nearbi, in the Strand, is the nou-disuised Aldwych tube station.

Its offeecial name is "Aldwych" but the road is sometimes colloquially referred tae as "The Aldwych", rather in the same manner that "Strand" is aften referred tae as "The Strand".

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name, "Aldwych", derives from the Auld Inglis eald an wic meanin 'auld tradin toun' or 'auld mercatplace'; the name wis later appleed tae the street an destrict. It wis recordit as Aldewich in 1211. In the seivent century, an Anglo-Saxon veelage an tradin centre namit Lundenwic ("Lunnon tradin toun") wis established approximately ane mile tae the wast o Londinium (namit Lundenburh or "Lunnon Fort" bi the Saxons) in what is nou Aldwych. Lundenwic probably uised the mooth o the River Fleet as a harbour or anchorage for tradin ships an fishin boats.

The Waldorf Hilton on Aldwych

Lundenwic wais 'rediscovered' in the 1980s efter the results o extensive excavations wur reinterpretit as being urban in character. These conclusions wur reached independently bi the airchaeologists, Alan Vince an Martin Biddle. Recent excavations in the Covent Garden aurie hae uncovered an extensive Anglo-Saxon settlement, coverin aboot 600,000-square-metre (150-acre), stretchin frae the present-day National Gallery steid in the wast tae Aldwych in the east. As the presumit locus o the ceety, Lundenburh, wis muivit back athin the auld Roman waws, the aulder settlement o Lundenwic gained the name o ealdwic: "auld settlement", a name which evolvit intae Aldwych.[1]

The modren street wis creatit in a redevelopment in the early twintiet century, that saw the demolition o the auld Wych Street an the construction o Australia House (built 1913-18) an Bush House (completit in 1925).

A statue o the nineteent-century prime meenister, William Ewart Gladstone, wis instawed in 1905 near St. Clement Danes kirk.

On 18 Februar 1996, a bomb detonatit prematurely on a Number 171 bus travellin alang Aldwych, killin Edward O'Brien, the IRA operative transportin the device; it an aw injured fower ithers.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Hobley B, Lundenwic and Lundenburh: two cities rediscovered, AHDS Archaeology, University of York (PDF)

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 51°30′47.7″N 0°07′03.5″W / 51.513250°N 0.117639°W / 51.513250; -0.117639