Albrecht Dürer

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Albrecht Dürer
Durer selfporitrait.jpg
Born21 Mey 1471(1471-05-21)
Nuremberg, Haly Roman Empire
Died6 Apryle 1528(1528-04-06) (aged 56)
Nuremberg, Haly Roman Empire
NaitionalityGerman
Kent for
MuivementHeich Renaissance

Albrecht Dürer (/ˈdʊərər, ˈdjʊərər/;[1] German: [ˈalbʁɛçt ˈdyːʁɐ]; 21 Mey 1471 – 6 Aprile 1528)[2] wis a penter, prentmakker an theorist o the German Renaissance. Born in Nuremberg, Dürer established his reputation an influence athort Europe whan he wis still in his twenties due tae his heich-quality widcut prents. He wis in communication wi the major Italian airtists o his time, includin Raphael, Giovanni Bellini an Leonardo da Vinci, an frae 1512 he wis patronised bi Emperor Maximilian I. Dürer is commemorated bi baith the Lutheran an Episcopal Kirks.

Dürer's vast bouk o wark includes engravins, his preferred technique in his later prents, altarpieces, portraits an sel-portraits, wattercolours an beuks. The widcuts, sic as the Apocalypse series (1498), are mair Gothic nor the rest o his wark. His well-kent engravins include the Knicht, Daith, an the Deil (1513), Saunt Jerome in his Study (1514) an Melencolia I (1514), that haes been the subject o extensive analysis an interpretation. His wattercolours an aw merk him as ane o the first European laundscape airtists, while his ambeetious widcuts revolutionised the potential o that medium.

Dürer's introduction o clessical motifs intae Northren airt, throu his knawledge o Italian airtists an German humanists, haes secured his reputation as ane o the maist important feegurs o the Northren Renaissance. This is reinforced bi his theoretical treatises, that involve principles o mathematics, perspective, an ideal proportions.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "doo r-er, dyoo r-" "Dürer, Albrecht". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  2. Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-012815-2.