Airmed Forces o Ukraine
The Airmed Forces o Ukraine (Ukrainian: Збройні сили України (ЗСУ) Zbroyni Syly Ukrayiny, (ZSU)) is the militar of Ukraine. That are the principal deterrent force against ony aggression that caud be shown against the sovereign state of Ukraine. Aw militar and security forces, including the Airmed Forces, are unner the command o the Preses o Ukraine, and subject tae oversight by a permanent Verkhovna Rada pairlamentar commission.
The Airmed Forces of Ukraine are composed of the Ukrainian Grund Forces, the Ukrainian Navy, the Ukrainian Air Force, and the Ukrainian Airmobile Forces. Ukraine's naval forces maintain thair awn smaw Ukrainian Naval Infantry force aes well aes thair ain Ukrainian Naval Aviation force. The Ukrainian Sea Gaird is the coast gaird service of Ukraine, houaniver, it is pairt of the State Border Gaird Service o Ukraine an is nae subordinate tae the Navy. Aes a result of the Roushie militar intervention in Ukraine frae 2014, the preses commissioned govrenors o oblasts o Ukraine tae creaut volunteer units unner the govrenment programme "Territorial Defence". Initially these units receivit minimal funding coming frae regional budgets an maistly relied on donations. In November 2014 maist o the territorial battalions wur integratit intae Ukraine's Grund forces.
The Naitional Gaird o Ukraine serves as the main reserve component of Airmed Forces o Ukraine.
Due tae the ongaeing hostileeti4d wi Roushie, Ukraine haes greatly increased the size of its military forces tae 204,000 sodgers (+46,000 ceevil servants) in 2014, nae coontin paramilitary forces sic as the border gairds (53,000), the newly formed Naitional Gaird o Ukraine (60,000) or the security service. Ukraine's airmed forces came close tae France, which maintained a 229,000 man force, as the lairgest in Europe when excluding Roushie. It wis reportit that Ukraine's militar swelled tae 280,000 personnel. This wis lairgely achievit by the repeatit waves of mobilisation bringing in new recruits while aulder sodgers haed nae yet been processit oot, the state budget for 2015 ultimately called for a force o 230,000. Hryhoriy Pedchenko reportit that 51% of Ukraine's enlistit personnel wur contractit sodgers.
Militar units o ither states pairticipate in multinaitional military exercises with Ukrainian forces in Ukraine regularly. Mony o these exercises are held unner the NATO co-operation programme Pairtnership for Peace.
Since 3 Juin 2016, weemen haeve been alloued tae serve in combat units o the Airmed Forces.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Про Збройні Сили України - від 6 December 1991 № 1934-XII". zakon1.rada.gov.ua. Archived frae the oreeginal on 30 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 1 Juin 2012.
- Special Operations Forces, what will the new branch be like? Archived 2015-09-21 at the Wayback Machine. ESPRESO. 22 April 2015
- "Стаття 15. Призовний вік. Призов громадян України на строкову військову службу. На строкову військову службу в мирний час призиваються придатні для цього за станом здоров'я громадяни України чоловічої статі, яким до дня відправлення у військові частини виповнилося 18 років"
Закон № 2232-XII від 25 March 1992 "Про військовий обов'язок і військову службу" (ред. від 15 January 2015)
- "Міністерством оборони визначено основні пріоритети фінансування на 2019 рік".
- "Ukraine's Defense Ministry elaborates on military reserve". UNIAN. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2016-09-30. Retrieved 2016-10-18.
- "Порошенко: В зоне АТО находятся 60 тысяч украинских военнослужащих". UNIAN. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2015-06-27. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
- CIA World Factbook, Military of Ukraine Archived 2014-01-29 at the Wayback Machine
- [U.S. supplies maximum arms to Ukraine: Media], Australie (3 August 2016)
- "Ukraine plans to double military budget against fighting in east". Deutsche Welle. 12 December 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "France". Global Fire Power. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
- "During the last year, the Ukrainian army grew from 146 up to 280 thousand, - Poltorak". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-09-13.
- "Ukrainian Military Personnel". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2014-12-22. Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- "Parliament approves admission of military units of foreign states to Ukraine for exercises". Kyiv Post. 18 May 2010. Archived frae the oreeginal on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- War has a female face Archived 2016-08-04 at the Wayback Machine, UNIAN (4 August 2016)
Further reading[eedit | eedit soorce]
- James Sherr, 'Ukraine's Defence Reform: An Update', Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2002
- Melanie Bright, The Jane's Interview: Yevhen Marchuk, Ukraine's Minister of Defence, Jane's Defence Weekly, 7 January 2004
- John Jaworsky, "Ukraine's Armed Forces and Military Policy," Harvard Ukrainian Studies Vol. 20, UKRAINE IN THE WORLD: Studies in the International Relations and Security Structure of a Newly Independent State (1996), pp. 223–247
- Kuzio, T., "Ukrainian Armed Forces in Crisis," Jane's Intelligence Review, 1995, Vol. 7; No. 7, page 305
- Kuzio, T., "The organization of Ukraine's forces," Jane's Intelligence Review, June 1996, Vol. 8; No. 6, pages 254-258
- Ben Lombardia, "Ukrainian armed forces: Defence expenditure and military reform," The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Volume 14, Issue 3, 2001, pages 31–68
- Mychajlyszyn, Natalie (2002). "Civil-Military Relations in Post-Soviet Ukraine: Implciations for Domestic and Regional Stability". Armed Forces & Society. Interuniversity Seminar on Armed Forces and Society. 28 (3): 455–479. doi:10.1177/0095327x0202800306.
- Walter Parchomenko, "Prospects for Genuine Reform in Ukraine's Security Forces," Armed Forces & Society, 2002, Vol. 28, No. 2
- Brigitte Sauerwein, "Rich in Arms, Poor in Tradition," International Defence Review, No. 4, April 1993, 317–318.
- J Sherr, "Ukraine: The Pursuit of Defence Reform in an Unfavourable Context," 2004, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom
- J Sherr, "Into Reverse?: The Dismissal of Ukraine's Minister of Defence," 2004, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom
- Sharon L. Wolchik, Ukraine: The Search for a National Identity. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000
- Steven J Zaloga, "Armed Forces in Ukraine," Jane's Intelligence Review, March 1992, p. 135
- Jane's Intelligence Review, September 1993, re Crimea
- Woff, Richard, Armed Forces of the Former Soviet Union: Evolution, Structure and Personalities. London: Brassey's, c. 1996.
[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Military of Ukraine.|
- Official Website of the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense: in English and in Ukrainian (in Inglis)/(in Ukrainian)
- Viysko Ukrayiny – Ministry of Defense' Army of Ukraine magazine (in Ukrainian)
- Ukraine Defence White Book: 2005 2006 2007 2013 2014 2015 2016
- "Defense-Express" specialized news agency (a project of Ukrainian "Center for Army Conversion and Disarmament Studies" NGO; subscription needed for most of the material)
- Alexander J. Motyl, At Last, Military Reform makes headway in Ukraine, World Affairs, 3 February 2016.
- Ukrainian Army military history magazine (including info on insignia and military museums)
- Polyakov, Leonid. "Corruption Obstructs Reforms in the Ukrainian Armed Forces". isn.ethz.ch. Retrieved 2016-02-09. Polyakov was a former deputy defence minister. In this 2013 work, Polyakov said corruption was compromising the performance of Ukraine's defense forces. The author identifies corruption within and outside of the defense agencies and said this corruption has impacted the professionalization of the army, its human resource management, procurement, peacekeeping activities and fiscal management. Unlawful use of military infrastructure through provision of business services for illegal reward became a widespread phenomenon.
- "London, UK-based Institute for Strategic Studies appraises Ukrainian Armed Forces' personnel as 295,500-strong". Ukrinform. 2003-10-25. Information on Ukrainian military human and weapons resources.