Airmed Forces o Ukraine

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Airmed Forces o Ukraine
Збройні сили України
Emblem of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg
Emblem o the Airmed Forces
Ensign of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg
Banner o the Airmed Forces
Foondit1917
Current furmReconstitutit 6 Dec 1991[1]
Service branchesEmblem of Ukrainian Ground Forces Grund Forces
Emblem of Ukrainian Air Force Air Force
Emblem of Ukrainian Navy Navy
Emblem of Ukrainian Airmobile Forces Air Assault Forces
Emblem of Special Operations Special Operations Forces[2]
HeidquartersMeenistry o Defence Biggin, Povitroflotskyi Square, Kiev
Leadership
Supreme Commander-in-ChiefVolodymyr Zelensky
Meenister o DefenceAndriy Zagorodniuk
Chief o the General StaffRuslan Khomchak
Manpower
Militar age18[3]
Conscription12 months (GF, AF)
18 months (Navy)
Available for
militar service
11,149,646, age 16–49 (2015[7])
Fit for
militar service
6,970,035, age 16–49 (2015[7])
Reachin militar
age annually
482,000 (2018) (2015[7])
Active personnel255,000 (2018)[4] (ranked 29)
Reserve personnel1,000,000 (2018)[5]
Deployed personnel60,000[6]
Expenditures
Budget245.8 billion hryvnias (2020)[8]
Percent o GDP5.4% (2020)[8]
Industry
Domestic suppliersUkroboronprom (Ukrainian Defence Industry)
Foreign suppliers Unitit States[9]
 Unitit Kinrick[9]
 Fraunce
 European Union[9]
 Australie[9]
 Canadae[9]
 Israel
 Poland
 Czech Republic
 Turkey
 Japan
 Georgie
Umwhile:
 Roushie
 Belaroushie
 Czechoslovakie
Template:Kintra data PPR
Template:Kintra data PRB
Relatit airticles
HistoryUkrainian–Soviet War
Pols–Ukrainian War
1992–94 Crimean creesis
Kosovo Force
UNAMSIL
Tuzla Island conflict
ISAF
Iraq War
ONUCI
Operation Ocean Shield
MONUSCO
Operation Atalanta
Pro-Roushie unrest in Ukraine
Annexation o Crimea
War in Donbass
RanksMilitar ranks o Ukraine


The Airmed Forces o Ukraine (Ukrainian: Збройні сили України (ЗСУ) Zbroyni Syly Ukrayiny, (ZSU)) is the militar of Ukraine. That are the principal deterrent force against ony aggression that caud be shown against the sovereign state of Ukraine. Aw militar and security forces, including the Airmed Forces, are unner the command o the Preses o Ukraine, and subject tae oversight by a permanent Verkhovna Rada pairlamentar commission.

The Airmed Forces of Ukraine are composed of the Ukrainian Grund Forces, the Ukrainian Navy, the Ukrainian Air Force, and the Ukrainian Airmobile Forces. Ukraine's naval forces maintain thair awn smaw Ukrainian Naval Infantry force aes well aes thair ain Ukrainian Naval Aviation force. The Ukrainian Sea Gaird is the coast gaird service of Ukraine, houaniver, it is pairt of the State Border Gaird Service o Ukraine an is nae subordinate tae the Navy. Aes a result of the Roushie militar intervention in Ukraine frae 2014, the preses commissioned govrenors o oblasts o Ukraine tae creaut volunteer units unner the govrenment programme "Territorial Defence". Initially these units receivit minimal funding coming frae regional budgets an maistly relied on donations. In November 2014 maist o the territorial battalions wur integratit intae Ukraine's Grund forces.

The Naitional Gaird o Ukraine serves as the main reserve component of Airmed Forces o Ukraine.

Due tae the ongaeing hostileeti4d wi Roushie, Ukraine haes greatly increased the size of its military forces tae 204,000 sodgers (+46,000 ceevil servants) in 2014, nae coontin paramilitary forces sic as the border gairds (53,000), the newly formed Naitional Gaird o Ukraine (60,000) or the security service.[10] Ukraine's airmed forces came close tae France, which maintained a 229,000 man force, as the lairgest in Europe when excluding Roushie.[11] It wis reportit that Ukraine's militar swelled tae 280,000 personnel. This wis lairgely achievit by the repeatit waves of mobilisation bringing in new recruits while aulder sodgers haed nae yet been processit oot, the state budget for 2015 ultimately called for a force o 230,000. Hryhoriy Pedchenko reportit that 51% of Ukraine's enlistit personnel wur contractit sodgers.[12][13]

Militar units o ither states pairticipate in multinaitional military exercises with Ukrainian forces in Ukraine regularly.[14] Mony o these exercises are held unner the NATO co-operation programme Pairtnership for Peace.

Since 3 Juin 2016, weemen haeve been alloued tae serve in combat units o the Airmed Forces.[15]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Про Збройні Сили України - від 6 December 1991 № 1934-XII". zakon1.rada.gov.ua. Archived frae the oreeginal on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. Special Operations Forces, what will the new branch be like? Archived 2015-09-21 at the Wayback Machine.. ESPRESO. 22 April 2015
  3. "Стаття 15. Призовний вік. Призов громадян України на строкову військову службу. На строкову військову службу в мирний час призиваються придатні для цього за станом здоров'я громадяни України чоловічої статі, яким до дня відправлення у військові частини виповнилося 18 років"
    Закон № 2232-XII від 25 March 1992 "Про військовий обов'язок і військову службу" (ред. від 15 January 2015)
  4. "Міністерством оборони визначено основні пріоритети фінансування на 2019 рік". 
  5. "Ukraine's Defense Ministry elaborates on military reserve". UNIAN. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2016-09-30. Retrieved 2016-10-18.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "Порошенко: В зоне АТО находятся 60 тысяч украинских военнослужащих". UNIAN. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2015-06-27. Retrieved 2015-06-26.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. CIA World Factbook, Military of Ukraine Archived 2014-01-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. 8.0 8.1 https://www.pravda.com.ua/news/2019/10/8/7228477/
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 [U.S. supplies maximum arms to Ukraine: Media],  Australie (3 August 2016)
  10. "Ukraine plans to double military budget against fighting in east". Deutsche Welle. 12 December 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  11. "France". Global Fire Power. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2014-12-29.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  12. "During the last year, the Ukrainian army grew from 146 up to 280 thousand, - Poltorak". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-09-13.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  13. "Ukrainian Military Personnel". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2014-12-22. Retrieved 2014-12-22.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  14. "Parliament approves admission of military units of foreign states to Ukraine for exercises". Kyiv Post. 18 May 2010. Archived frae the oreeginal on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  15. War has a female face Archived 2016-08-04 at the Wayback Machine., UNIAN (4 August 2016)

Further reading[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • James Sherr, 'Ukraine's Defence Reform: An Update', Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2002
  • Melanie Bright, The Jane's Interview: Yevhen Marchuk, Ukraine's Minister of Defence, Jane's Defence Weekly, 7 January 2004
  • John Jaworsky, "Ukraine's Armed Forces and Military Policy," Harvard Ukrainian Studies Vol. 20, UKRAINE IN THE WORLD: Studies in the International Relations and Security Structure of a Newly Independent State (1996), pp. 223–247
  • Kuzio, T., "Ukrainian Armed Forces in Crisis," Jane's Intelligence Review, 1995, Vol. 7; No. 7, page 305
  • Kuzio, T., "The organization of Ukraine's forces," Jane's Intelligence Review, June 1996, Vol. 8; No. 6, pages 254-258
  • Ben Lombardia, "Ukrainian armed forces: Defence expenditure and military reform," The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Volume 14, Issue 3, 2001, pages 31–68
  • Mychajlyszyn, Natalie (2002). "Civil-Military Relations in Post-Soviet Ukraine: Implciations for Domestic and Regional Stability". Armed Forces & Society. Interuniversity Seminar on Armed Forces and Society. 28 (3): 455–479. doi:10.1177/0095327x0202800306. 
  • Walter Parchomenko, "Prospects for Genuine Reform in Ukraine's Security Forces," Armed Forces & Society, 2002, Vol. 28, No. 2
  • Brigitte Sauerwein, "Rich in Arms, Poor in Tradition," International Defence Review, No. 4, April 1993, 317–318.
  • J Sherr, "Ukraine: The Pursuit of Defence Reform in an Unfavourable Context," 2004, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom
  • J Sherr, "Into Reverse?: The Dismissal of Ukraine's Minister of Defence," 2004, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom
  • Sharon L. Wolchik, Ukraine: The Search for a National Identity. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000
  • Steven J Zaloga, "Armed Forces in Ukraine," Jane's Intelligence Review, March 1992, p. 135
  • Jane's Intelligence Review, September 1993, re Crimea
  • Woff, Richard, Armed Forces of the Former Soviet Union: Evolution, Structure and Personalities. London: Brassey's, c. 1996.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]