Airmed Forces o Saudi Arabie
|Saudi Arabian Airmed Forces|
|Foondit||1745; 275 years ago|
|Current furm||1902 (Reconstitutit III)|
|Service branches|| Ryal Land Forces|
Ryal Naval Forces
Ryal Air Forces
Ryal Air Defense
|Supreme commander||Prince Mohammad Al Saud|
|Commander-in-Chief||General Fayyadh Al Ruwaili|
|Budget||US$67.6 billion (2018) (ranked 3rd)|
|Percent o GDP||8.8% (2018)|
|Domestic suppliers|| Royal Ceety|
|Ranks||KSA military ranks|
The Saudi Arabian Airmed Forces (Arabic: القُوَّات المُسَلَّحَة العَرَبِيَّة السُّعُودِيَّة, SAAF) an aw kent as Ryal Saudi Airmed Forces, are the militar forces o the Kinrick o Saudi Arabie. Thay include the General Staff o the five services responsible for the defence (in order o precedence) the Airmy, the Navy, the Air Forces, the Air Defense, an the Missiles Force, unner the Meenister o Defense an Aviation (MODA). The Saudi Arabian Naitional Gaird (SANG) falls unner the admeenistrative control o the Meenistry o National Gaird, instead o the MODA, an aw as the Ryal Gaird an Border Gaird forces. In addition, the Arabian Kinrick maintains lairge paramilitary forces unner the control of the Meenistry o Interior. Thare is an aw GIP which is the general militar intelligence service.
International Institute for Strategic Studies estimates in 2017 leetit a tot o 127,000 personnel (75,000 RSLF; 13,500 Navy; 20,000 Air Force; 16,000 Air Defence; an Strategic Missile Forces 2,500). The RSLF figure is quite possibly inflatit. The Naitional Gaird, wi 100,000 personnel, mony tribal an anelie-available-on-callup, and 24,500 paramilitar personnel roond oot the figures. The IISS Military Balance leets reserve personnel when reliable figures are available, but did nae leet ony reserve personnel for Saudi Arabie.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
The first steps towards biggin an institutionalised airmed force for Saudi Arabie bygane in the 1940s, when Saudi regulars nummered perhaps 1,000–1,500, Gaub saying that officers maistly came frae the Ottoman troops who haed served the Sharif o Mecca afore his being expelled in 1924. A Meenistry o Defence wis creautit in 1944; a militar schuil foondit in Taif, and the Unitit Kinrick began efforts tae try tae build a professional force. Efter the failure of this UK programme, a subsequent U.S. programme which ran frae 1951 an aw failed tae reach its objective (the creaution for three tae five Regimental Combat Teams. Growth o the airmed forces wis slow, tae some 7,500–10,000 by 1953, and that growth halted towards the end of the 1950s because o poleetical factors (the Free Officers in Egyp; twa plots bi senior officers; an internal Saudi power struggles).
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Sir James Norman Dalrymple Anderson. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Stacey International, 1983. Pp. 77.
- Hertog, Steffen (2007). "Shaping the Saudi state: Human agency's shifting role in the rentier state formation" (PDF). International Journal of Middle East Studies. 39 (4): 539–563. doi:10.1017/S0020743807071073. Archived (PDF) frae the oreeginal on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- "The World Factbook". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the oreeginal on 22 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 6 Apryle 2016.
- "Middle East: Saudi Arabia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. 17 October 2018. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
- International Institute for Strategic Studies (14 February 2018). The Military Balance 2018. Routledge. pp. 358–359. ISBN 978-1-85743-955-7.
- Shrivastava, Sanskar (15 Mairch 2011). "Saudi Arabian Troops Enter Bahrain, Bahrain Opposition Calls It War". The World Reporter. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 15 Apryle 2011.
- Henderson, Simon. "Bahrain's Crisis: Saudi Forces Intervene". Washington Institute. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
- Felicia Schwartz, Hakim Almasmari and Asa Fitch (26 March 2015). "Saudi Arabia Launches Military Operations in Yemen". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Saudi Arabia launches airstrikes in Yemen". CNN. 26 March 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 26 March 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (28 April 2019). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2018" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
- " Archived 2 Januar 2016 at the Wayback Machine, 31 December 2015,
- IISS Military Balance 2017, 401.
- Gaub, Florence. Gairdians of the Arab State: When militaries intervene in poleetics, frae Iraq tae Mauritanie. Oxford University Press, 2017, 156.
Cheenae, Roushie, Saudi Arabie Boosted Defense Maist as U.S. Cut http://bloom.bg/1OqdP38
Further reading[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Foreign Military Sales, Foreign Military Construction Sales and Military Assistance Facts as of September 2003," Published by Deputy for Operations and Administration, Business Operations/Comptroller, DSCA, Department of Defense
- "'Chief dismissed in reshuffle,' – Chief of General Staff Lt Gen Mohammed Saleh Al-Hammad replaced by Saleh Ibn Ali Al-Mohaya," Jane's Defence Weekly, 9 October 1996, p. 23
- C. A. Woodson, "Saudi Arabian Force Structure Development in a Post Gulf War World", Foreign Military Studies Office, June 1998, https://web.archive.org/web/20120306115652/http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Meenistry o Defence and Aviation, official website
- Ryal Saudi Laund Forces, offeecial wabsteid
- Saudi Arabian National Guard, offeecial wabsteid
- Strategic Missiles Force, offeecial website
- General Intelligence Presidency, offeecial wabsteid
-  The Ryal Saudi Air Force – A Paper Tiger, Minus the Tiger