Adenosine triphosphate

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Adenosine triphosphate
Skeletal formula o ATP
Baw-an-stick model, based on x-ray diffraction data
Space-fillin model wi hydrogen atoms omittit
Names
IUPAC name
[(2''R'',3''S'',4''R'',5''R'')-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methyl(hydroxyphosphonooxyphosphoryl)hydrogen phosphate
Ither names
adenosine 5'- (tetrahydrogen triphosphate)
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.258
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C10H16N5O13P3
Molar mass 507.18 g/mol
Density 1.04 g/cm3 (disodium salt)
Meltin pynt 187 °C (369 °F; 460 K)
Acidity (pKa) 6.5
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that pairteecipates in mony processes. Foond in aw forms o life, ATP is eften referred tae as the "molecular unit o siller" o intracellular energy transfer.[1] Whan consumed in metabolic processes, it converts tae either the di- or monophosphates, respectively ADP an AMP. Ither processes regenerate ATP sic that the human bouk recycles its awn bouk wecht equivalent in ATP ilk day.[2] It is an aa a precursor tsr DNA an RNA.

Frae the perspective o biochemistry, ATP is clessifee'd as a nucleoside triphosphate, that indicates that it consists o three components, a nitrogenous base (adenine), the succar ribose, an the triphosphate. It is uised in cells as a coenzyme.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Knowles, J. R. (1980). "Enzyme-catalyzed phosphoryl transfer reactions". Annu. Rev. Biochem. 49: 877–919. doi:10.1146/annurev.bi.49.070180.004305. PMID 6250450. 
  2. Törnroth-Horsefield, S.; Neutze, R. (December 2008). "Opening and closing the metabolite gate". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 105 (50): 19565–19566. doi:10.1073/pnas.0810654106. PMC 2604989Freely accessible. PMID 19073922.